EU Excess mortality increased to 10 % in April 2022

Excess mortality in the EU was 10% in April 2022, rising from +6% in March and +8% in January and February. Over the past 6 months, the peak was recorded in November 2021 (+26%), during the fourth wave of excess mortality.

This information comes from data on excess mortality published by Eurostat today, based on a weekly deaths data collection. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained articles on excess mortality and weekly deaths.

Excess mortality continued to vary across EU Member States. Sweden recorded a value lower than the country’s monthly average for 2016-19 (-5 %), while Latvia (+3 %), Estonia, Bulgaria, and Slovakia (all +4 %) recorded values that were less than half the EU average. Meanwhile, the highest rate was recorded in Greece (+28 %), with several other Member States (Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Austria) recorded values of +18 to +19 %.

The EU registered previous peaks in excess deaths in April 2020 (+25 %), November 2020 (+40 %) and April 2021 (+21 %).

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Methodological notes:

  • Excess mortality refers to the number of deaths from all causes measured during a crisis, above what could be observed in ‘normal’ conditions. The excess mortality indicator draws attention to the magnitude of the health crisis by providing a comprehensive comparison of additional deaths amongst European countries and allows for further analysis of the causes.
  • Please note that while a substantial increase in excess mortality largely coincides with the COVID-19 outbreak, this indicator does not discriminate among the causes of death and does not identify differences between sex or age.