Agricultural land rents: stark variation across EU

In the EU, not all land is owned by the farmer working it. Many farmers rent their land, as either a short- or long-term business decision. Among the Member States for which data are available, renting one hectare of arable land and/or permanent grassland was most expensive in Italy (an average of €837 per year in 2020).

In fact, among the EU regions for which data are available, the highest rent prices for this type of agricultural land in 2020 were recorded in the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia (on average €1 714 per hectare), where it was slightly more than twice the national average.

This information comes from data on agricultural land rents published by Eurostat today. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained article.

In 2020, renting agricultural land was cheapest in Slovakia, with a hectare costing an average of EUR 57 for the year, although the cheapest regions in the EU for renting agricultural land were Central Norrland and Upper Norrland in Sweden (both €34 per year).

In all EU regions for which data are available, renting permanent grassland was cheaper than renting arable land.

For more information:

Eurostat Statistics Explained article on agricultural land prices and rents

Eurostat dedicated section on agricultural statistics

Eurostat database on agriculture statistics

All publications on agriculture

Methodological notes: 

Agricultural land in this article refers to arable land and/or permanent grassland.

Agricultural land rents refer to the price of renting one hectare of agricultural land during the reference period (a calendar year). The renting price should be collected from the agricultural holdings renting the land for agricultural purposes (renting price paid).

Netherlands and Norway: 2019 data

Belgium, Greece, Poland and Romania: arable land only

Germany, Cyprus and Portugal: data not available

In the text of this article, the names of the regions are in English.

www.ec.europa.eu/eurostat/