In 2020, the EU imported 58 % of the energy it consumed, as its own production satisfied only 42 % of its needs.
The EU’s energy mix in 2020 consisted of 35 % oil and petroleum products, 24 % natural gas, 17 % renewables, 13 % nuclear energy and 11 % solid fossil fuels. Russia is the EU’s leading supplier for natural gas, oil and coal, which are the main energy commodities of the EU’s energy mix. In 2020, imports from this origin satisfied 24 % of the EU’s energy needs.
If you’d like to learn more about energy statistics, the recording from our energy statistics webinar on 11 March is available on the webinar page. Furthermore, if you’d like more detailed information on the EU energy mix and import dependency, here’s the more detailed Statistics Explained article.
For more information:
- Eurostat Statistics Explained article on the EU energy mix and import dependency
- Eurostat webinar recording on energy statistics
- Eurostat overview on energy
- Eurostat database on energy