Since the start of the Russian military invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, more than 3 million people have fled the war, with estimates suggesting more than half of them are children. To respond to this unprecedented situation, the EU agreed in record time to activate the Temporary Protection Directive to help people fleeing war in Ukraine. The Directive became immediately applicable on 4 March 2022 and now offers immediate protection and a clear legal status to millions of people. Today, the Commission is presenting operational guidelines to assist Member States in applying the Directive. The comprehensive guidelines will help all those in need of protection to have a consistent and effective level of rights in all Member States. The guidelines clarify among others the scope of the temporary protection, the type of evidence needed to benefit from it, and include a dedicated chapter on children. They are intended as a living document to reflect the situation on the ground and take due consideration of the evolving needs of the Member States. A press release is available online.