In 2020, the total government budget allocations for R&D (GBARD) across the EU stood at EUR 100 786 million, equivalent to 0.8% of GDP. This information comes from data on government budget allocations for R&D published by Eurostat September 15, 2021.
In 2020, government budget allocations for R&D at an EU level stood at EUR 225 per person, a 22 % increase compared with 2010 (EUR 184 per person). The highest allocations were recorded in Luxembourg (EUR 648 per person), followed at a distance by Denmark (EUR 519) and Germany (EUR 443).
On the other hand, EU countries with the lowest R&D budget allocations per person were Romania (EUR 15 per person), Bulgaria (EUR 21), Hungary (EUR 39) and Latvia (EUR 42).
Over the last decade, the largest percentage increases in government budget allocations for R&D at EUR per person were recorded in Latvia (from EUR 14 in 2010 to EUR 42 in 2020), Greece (from EUR 62 to EUR 148) and Estonia (from EUR 77 to EUR 141).
In contrast, these allocations decreased in Portugal (from EUR 92 in 2010 to EUR 71 in 2020), Spain (from EUR 179 to EUR 144), Romania (from EUR 17 to EUR 15), France (from EUR 253 to EUR 235), Ireland (from EUR 181 to EUR 175) and Finland (from EUR 387 to EUR 373).
For more information:
- 2020 data on government budget allocations for R&D presented in this article are preliminary and might therefore be revised. Following the calendar for the transmission of data, updated figures will be published in January 2022.
- Government budget allocations for R&D are all allocations assigned to R&D in central (federal) government, regional (state) and local (municipal) government. They therefore refer to budget provisions, not to actual expenditure. Local government budget funds may not be included if their contribution is not significant or if the data cannot be collected.
- Eurostat website section dedicated to science, technology and innovation
- Eurostat database section dedicated to government budget allocations