In July 2021, excess mortality in the EU further decreased to 4.4 %, the lowest rate since July 2020 (+2.8 %). The excess mortality however continues to vary across the EU Member States: from around -3 % in Belgium and Sweden to +25 % in Greece and +26 % in Cyprus in July 2021.
Excess mortality has been decreasing since May 2021, following a peak in April 2021 (+20 %) and after as much as +40 % in November 2020 (compared with the averages of the same months in 2016 – 2019).
In 2020, the EU experienced two cycles of excess mortality: the first between March and May 2020 (with a peak of +25 % in April), then a longer one between August 2020 and the end of the year (with a peak of +40 % in November).
This information comes from data on excess mortality published by Eurostat today, based on a weekly deaths data collection. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained articles on excess mortality and weekly deaths.
Source dataset: demo_mexrt
How did the situation evolve in your country?
Although excess mortality was observed during most of the last year across Europe, the peaks and intensity of outbreaks varied greatly across countries. For further analysis, you can read the Statistics Explained article on excess mortality and use the interactive tool by selecting the country you would like to analyse.
For more information:
Statistics Explained article on excess mortality
Statistics Explained article on weekly deaths
Excess mortality refers to the number of deaths from all causes measured during a crisis, above what could be observed in ‘normal’ conditions. The excess mortality indicator draws attention to the magnitude of the health crisis by providing a comprehensive comparison of additional deaths amongst the European countries and allows for further analysis of its causes.
Please note that while a substantial increase in excess mortality largely coincides with the COVID-19 outbreak, this indicator does not discriminate among the causes of death and does not catch differences across sex or age classe.