In 2019, 276 200 children (non-EU citizens) aged under 15 years were issued with a first residence permit for family reasons in the EU. This is a ratio of 504 per 100 000 of the EU child population aged less than 15. Among those children, 60% were aged less than five.
The Member States issuing the highest numbers of these permits were Germany (61 500, or 22 % of the total number of first residence permits issued in the EU for family reasons to children aged less than 15), followed by Spain (55 300, or 20 %), Italy (41 300, or 15 %) and Sweden (24 400, or 9 %).
In relative terms, the ratio per 100 000 children aged less than 15 years was more than twice the EU average in Sweden (1 339), Luxembourg (1 322) and Slovenia (1 257), while it was 50% higher in three other Member States: Belgium (897), Portugal (863) and Spain (798).
For more information:
- Statistics Explained article on children in migration – residence permits for family reasons.
- Eurostat website section on children in migration statistics.
- Eurostat database of children in migration statistics.