In 2019, 46 % of the EU population lived in flats, while just over a third (35 %) of the population lived in detached houses and almost one fifth (19 %) lived in semi-detached or terraced houses.
Flats were the most common residence type in 14 Member States, notably in Latvia (where 66 % of people lived in flats), Spain (65 %) and Estonia (61 %). Member States with the smallest share of their population residing in flats were Ireland (8 %) and the Netherlands (21 %).
In contrast, more than two-thirds of the population lived in detached houses in Croatia (68 %), followed by Slovenia (66 %), Hungary and Romania (both 65 %) and Denmark (54 %). The Netherlands and Ireland were the only EU Member States where more than half of the population lived in a semi-detached house (58 % and 53 % respectively) in 2019.
7 out of 10 people lived in an owner-occupied residence
In 2019, seven out of every ten (70 %) people in the EU lived in a house or flat that they owned. There were more owners than tenants in all EU Member States in 2019, with the highest shares of owners seen in Romania (96 %), Hungary (92 %), Slovakia (91 %) and Lithuania (90 %). The lowest shares of owner-occupied residences were in Germany (51 %) and Austria (55 %).