OECD Environmental Country Studies
OECD has recently published environmental country studies. It will continue these series during 2018.
The first countries are Canada, Iceland, Peru, the Slovak Republic, Switzerland including forthcoming events and reports. These studies can be acquired commercially.
Here are some highlights of the country studies:
The OECD’s third Environmental Performance Review of Canada shows that the country has successfully decoupled several environmental pressures from economic growth. Yet it faces challenges associated with high energy and resource consumption, high greenhouse gas emissions, and local pressures regarding biodiversity and water resources.
This Policy Paper: Sustaining Iceland’s fisheries through tradeable quotas analyses the reforms undertaken by Iceland to avert a looming crisis and restore fish stocks to sustainable levels.
The first Environmental Performance Review of Peru by the OECD and the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on environmental management (air, waste and chemicals, water and biodiversity) and the sustainable use of the natural resource base.
This Policy Paper: Making the Slovak Republic a more resource efficient economy identifies a number of options for improving resource efficiency. The Slovak Republic is a country with a limited natural resource base, an important manufacturing sector and rising materials consumption.
The OECD’s third Environmental Performance Review of Switzerland has a low-carbon energy mix and falling emissions, and is working to restore the health of its rivers and lakes. It should now try to reduce threats to biodiversity and seek more sustainable consumption patterns, as the high levels of waste generation and road traffic are putting pressure on the densely populated Central Plateau;
A Policy Paper: Reforming agricultural subsidies to support biodiversity in Switzerland analyses the reform of Switzerland’s 2014-2017 agricultural policy reform, which re-oriented subsidies to better target policy objectives, including for biodiversity.
Performance of Home Textiles
Dr. Subrata Das, Professor Department of Fashion Technology Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Erode District, Tamil Nadu – 638401 India, is the author of the second edition book on “Performance of Home Textiles” in English language (ISBN no: 978-93-85059-31-5; e-ISBN no: 978-93-85059-81-0). The book gives a complete picture on Home Textiles in
- Home textiles in China
- Home textiles in Pakistan
- Home textiles in Bangladesh
- Home textiles in Hong Kong
- Home textiles in United States
- United Kingdom
- Home textiles in India
- Home textiles in Japan
- Home textiles in Turkey
its characteristics and many more aspects, such as fibres and fabrics used in home textiles, areas of application, performance requirements testing methods, labelling and flameability, etc.
Home textile industry is an upcoming sector in consumer forum that takes care of essential requirements of living in a house comfortably. Performance of varieties of home textile items is viewed and valued by customers in terms of class, quality, reliability and consistency. A thorough and comprehensive interaction with the different stakeholders of home textile industry reveal that this particular sector is in need of a digestive document that can be able to communicate majority of the requirements of product performance and quality in line with the value addition and to maintain the basic concept underlying in green consumerism. Thus, this book arose out of a need-based philosophy that caters to the requirement in providing the service as a technical resource to home textile sector wherein all essential elements of product development, industry standards, regulatory aspects, and evaluation systems are built into it.
The book is aimed at industry professionals, domestic and international retailers, factory owners, buying institutions, and students intended to start their career in home textile sector. Thus, the emphasis of the book is how to achieve the commercial success of desired end product through the knowledge of the key markets producing various home textiles, scope of development through sustainable and eco-friendly fibres, various industry specific standards, evaluation systems and above all safety aspects and environmental regulations. It is important to mention that same home textile product can be evaluated against different benchmarks because specification and regulation vary depending upon the country of export. It is always desirable to refer to a latest version of document while applying any tests and regulations, which are difficult to cover in a book of this nature, and more so international standards, and regulations are continuously been updated, owing to the change in expectation of performance and for better consumer interest.
Knowledge and compliance of chemical substances that are either banned from use or restricted to a certain limit in the home product by global laws and regulations are important and usually monitored starting at the product adoption stage of development. Identifying “high risk” products and testing for restricted substances where applicable leads to product compliance. Different test methods pertaining to restricted substances which are applicable for home textile industry are added to the second edition to increase awareness of the industry on this topic.
Home textiles products have been diversified over the years in the niche market based on the expectations and need of consumer. Thus, the emphasis on the performance parameters and their evaluation systems cannot be overlooked. Like all other sectors of technology, when we are moving forward positively through twenty first century, the use of eco-friendly fibres for product development in home textiles is quite expected. High performance and value addition are no longer treated, as attributes in the consumer world but become essential feature of finished home textiles. We often heard about the fire hazards in home textiles, which is a potential safety concern and must be regulated by standard flammability regulations and interestingly, that are not common for every product. It is also important that home textiles should be properly labelled. This is not only to meet the regulatory requirement but also guide the consumer for its proper care. Above all, the environmental aspect of home textiles has attracted attention in recent years and different eco-labels and standards are in place for its regulatory control.
Although topics covered in this book are not uncommon in home textile industry in our general sense of term, I have included those in this book because very little has been available in published literature. Latest updates on various global regulations for the home textile industry have been incorporated in the second edition of this book. I believe that the subject will be of sufficient interest to textile professionals to warrant its inclusion and so provide a wider circulation of information concerning this development in home textiles.