October 2020 compared with September 2020 – Volume of retail trade up by 1.5 % in both Euro Area and EU

In October 2020, the seasonally adjusted volume of retail trade rose by 1.5 % in both the euro area and the EU,

compared with September 2020, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In September 2020, the retail trade volume fell by 1.7 % in the Euro Area and by 1.3 % in the EU.

In October 2020 compared with October 2019, the calendar adjusted retail sales index increased by 4.3% in the Euro Area and by 4.2 % in the EU.

Monthly comparison by retail sector and by Member State

In the euro area in October 2020, compared with September 2020, the volume of retail trade  increased by 2.0 % for both non-food products and for food, drinks and tobacco, while automotive fuels fell by 3.7 %. In the EU, the volume of retail trade increased by 2.0 % for non-food products and by 1.9 % for food, drinks and tobacco while automotive fuels fell by 3.4 %.

Among Member States for which data are available, the highest increases in the total retail trade volume were observed in Denmark (+8.3 %), Croatia (+6.5 %) and France (+2.8 %), while decreases were registered in  Slovenia (-1.4 %), Slovakia (-1.2 %), the Netherlands (-0.7 %) and Luxembourg (-0.3%).

Annual comparison by retail sector and by Member State

In the euro area in October 2020, compared with October 2019, the volume of retail trade increased by 5.4% for non-food products. Within this category mail orders and internet increased by 28.5%, while textiles, clothing and footwear decreased by 14.0%. The volume of retail trade increased by 5.1% for food, drinks and tobacco, while automotive fuel decreased by 9.6%. In the EU, the retail trade volume increased by 5.7% for non-food products (mail orders and internet +29.2%, textiles, clothing and footwear -13.0%) and by 4.6% for food, drinks  and tobacco, while automotive fuel decreased by 9.5%.

Among Member States for which data are available, the highest yearly increases in the total retail trade volume were registered in Ireland (+13.8 %), Denmark (+12.5 %), Lithuania (+8.5 %). The largest decreases were observed in Slovenia (-11.1 %), Malta (-7.2 %) and Bulgaria (-5.3 %).

Geographical information

The euro area (EA19) includes Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.

The European Union (EU27) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden.

Methods and definitions

The index of the volume of retail trade measures the evolution of the turnover in retail trade, adjusted for price changes (deflated), i.e. the evolution of the total amount of goods sold, based on data adjusted for calendar and seasonal effects.

Seasonal adjustment is a statistical method for removing the effects of recurring seasonal influences, which have been observed in the past from an economic time series, thus showing non-seasonal trends more clearly. Calendar adjustment is a statistical method for removing the variation caused by the changing number of particular weekdays or holidays in different months or other time periods (quarters, years). The annual comparisons are based on data adjusted for calendar effects only.

Seasonally adjusted euro area and EU series are calculated by aggregating the seasonally adjusted national data. Eurostat carries out the seasonal adjustment of the data for those countries that do not adjust their data for seasonal effects.

Missing observations from Member States for recent months are estimated for the calculation of the euro area and the EU aggregates.

www.ec.europa.eu/eurostat/