- The 15th Summit between India and the European Union (EU) was held in virtual format on 15th July 2020. India was represented by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. The EU was represented by Mr. Charles Michel, President of the European Council, and Ms. Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission.
- The leaders decided to strengthen the EU-India Strategic Partnership, based on shared principles and values of democracy, freedom, rule of law, and respect for human rights, aiming at delivering concrete benefits for the people in the EU and India. In today’s complex world, they, as the world’s two largest democracies, affirmed their determination to promote effective multilateralism and a rules-based multilateral order with the United Nations (UN) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) at its core. They will bolster their cooperation in international fora to reinforce international security, strengthen preparedness and response for global health emergencies, enhance global economic stability and inclusive growth, implement the Sustainable Development Goals and protect the climate and the environment. In this context, the EU is looking forward to India’s G20 Presidency in 2022 and its membership in the UN Security Council in 2021-2022.
- As the world is fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, the leaders agreed that global cooperation and solidarity are essential to protect lives and to mitigate the socio-economic consequences of the pandemic. The leaders emphasised the importance of strengthening our preparedness and response capacities, of sharing information in a free, transparent and prompt manner, and of improving international response including through relevant international organisations, such as the World Health Organisation (WHO), drawing on lessons learned from the current global responses.
- The leaders noted mutual synergies in the field of healthcare through shared capacities, experiences and strengths in the production of pharmaceuticals and vaccines, healthcare research and development, diagnostics and treatment. They discussed prospects for global collaboration and sustained funding for developing and deploying and accessibility of effective diagnostics, treatments and vaccines to make them available to all at an affordable price. They called for the future COVID-19 vaccine to become a global common good. They agreed to intensify cooperation between India and the EU on health security and pandemic crisis preparedness and response, in particular linked to the COVID-19 pandemic. They underlined the importance of ramping up the manufacturing of vital medical supplies and of stepping up cooperation to ensure a continued flow of these supplies, agricultural products, raw materials and other goods and services across borders.
- The leaders agreed to further develop their trade and investment relations to unleash their full potential particularly in the context of post-COVID-19 economic recovery and support sustainable growth and jobs on both sides. They reaffirmed their commitment to work towards balanced, ambitious and mutually-beneficial trade and investment agreements, opening markets and creating a level playing field on both sides. They also agreed to establish a regular High Level Dialogue at ministerial level to provide guidance to the bilateral trade and investment relations and to address multilateral issues of mutual interest. The High Level Dialogue will aim at fostering progress on the trade and investment agreements, addressing trade irritants and improving conditions for traders and investors on both sides as well as discuss supply chain linkages. The EU and India agreed to keep the global trading system open, with the WTO as the bedrock of the rules-based multilateral trading system and to step up cooperation to preserve, strengthen and reform the WTO. Their cooperation should address today’s challenges effectively, including post-COVID-19 economic recovery efforts with the objectives of a sustainable, socially just and resource-efficient economy. They will work together to make the twelfth WTO Ministerial Conference a success yielding concrete results in this regard. The leaders welcomed the G20 Action Plan to support the global economy and underlined the need to assist the most vulnerable countries. The EU and India will enhance coordination on global economic governance, notably in the framework of the G20. They will continue working together to promote debt sustainability, including in the G20.
- Resolute and coordinated action is key to tackle the generational challenge of climate change and environmental degradation. The leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the implementation of the Paris Agreement including with regard to nationally determined contributions in line with this agreement. The EU informed about the submission of its long-term greenhouse gas emission development strategy and India will strive to submit its own strategy, as nationally determined. The Leaders welcomed the ongoing cooperation between the EU and India under the Clean Energy and Climate Partnership. The EU and India will engage constructively in the global stocktake in 2023, the outcome of which shall inform the updating and enhancing, in a nationally determined manner, of the actions and support in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Paris Agreement. The EU and India will reinforce their cooperation in the International Solar Alliance (ISA) to promote the deployment of solar energy, and in the International Platform on Sustainable Finance (IPSF) to mobilise private capital towards environmentally sustainable investments. The EU looks forward to cooperating with the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) launched by India to ensure that infrastructures are resilient to climate change. The Leadership Group for Industry Transition, launched at the UN Climate Summit 2019, is an important initiative to tackle the climate crisis. They also agreed to work closely together in developing an ambitious post-2020 global framework to protect biodiversity, to be adopted at the 2021 UN Biodiversity Conference. High-level dialogue will support mutual understanding and the definition of a common approach on these issues. The leaders supported an ambitious mandate for an international chemical and waste management framework beyond 2020, for consideration at the fifth International Conference on Chemical Management in Bonn in 2021.
- The EU and India will enhance their partnership in support of sustainable modernisation. They will boost cooperation to support clean energy transition, resource efficiency and circular economy, and the necessary technological leaps, while opening new business opportunities. The EU and India will further develop cooperation on smart and sustainable urbanisation, information and communication technology, transport, space and health security. They agreed to jointly tackle water issues, air pollution, plastic and marine litter. Exchanges on research and innovation will be increased to further underpin progress in these areas. The leaders welcomed the continued fusion research cooperation within the ITER project.
- The leaders discussed ways to harness human-centric digitalisation to develop inclusive economies and societies. They agreed to enhance convergences between their regulatory frameworks to ensure a high level of protection of personal data and privacy, including through possible data adequacy decisions, with a view to facilitating safe and secure cross border data flows between them. The EU and India will upgrade their dialogue and cooperation on technology. They will engage on 5G and artificial intelligence including to promote global standards and to foster their safe and ethical deployment.
- The leaders agreed to jointly promote a transparent, viable, inclusive, sustainable, comprehensive, and rules-based approach to connectivity to ensure that projects are environmentally, socially and fiscally sustainable and provide a level playing field for businesses. They recalled in this regard the importance of the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment and the G20 Operational Guidelines for Sustainable Financing. They agreed to explore concrete initiatives, including a possible future comprehensive connectivity partnership, to improve connectivity between the EU and India and seek synergies between their cooperation on connectivity with third countries including in the Indo-Pacific region. They welcomed the ongoing activity in India of the European Investment Bank and the upcoming planned investments of €550 million in the Pune and Bhopal Metro Rail Projects. The EU and India recognize the key role of the private sector and the importance of incentivising sustainable private financing.
- They reaffirmed their strong commitment to global peace and security, disarmament and non-proliferation and to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including its financing and countering radicalization. The EU and India will intensify exchanges and cooperation in this regard. The leaders agreed to launch a dialogue on maritime security and consultations on security and defence, and to enhance naval cooperation. They underlined the need to preserve safety and stability in the Indian Ocean. They welcomed the launch of negotiations on a working arrangement between Europol and the Central Bureau of Investigations to support law enforcement authorities of the Member States of the EU and India in preventing and combating organised crime and terrorism. They confirmed their full support to an open, free, stable and secure cyberspace, and their commitment to foster the responsible and liable behaviour of all the actors in the cyberspace. They underlined the need to increase global cyber resilience, including the health sector. The EU and India will continue to cooperate on international and regional issues of common interest including Iran and Afghanistan.
- India and the EU reiterated their commitment to human rights, including gender equality and women empowerment in all spheres of life, and the importance they attach to their cooperation. In this regard, they looked forward to the next session as soon as possible of their dialogue to be held in New Delhi and supported enhancing interaction in international fora, in particular the UN General Assembly and the UN Human Rights Council.
- Leaders welcomed active people-to-people exchanges including among students, researchers, professionals, business persons & tourists as part of the implementation of the Joint Declaration on Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility (CAMM). They noted the progress under the High Level Dialogue on Migration and Mobility (HLDMM) to streamline the movement of people in both directions in line with applicable migration and mobility rules. They also encouraged cultural exchanges and educational cooperation between India and the EU.
- The leaders adopted the “EU-India Strategic Partnership: A Roadmap to 2025” to guide cooperation between the EU and India over the next five years. They welcomed the signing of the Euratom-India Agreement on research and development cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. They also adopted a Joint Declaration on Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy and welcomed the upcoming renewal of the EU-India Science and Technology Agreement for another five years. They agreed to reconvene for the 16th India-EU Summit in 2021.
EU-India Strategic Partnership: A Roadmap to 2025
The Leaders held the 15th European Union – India Summit on the 15th July 2020. They endorsed this “EU-India Strategic Partnership: A Roadmap to 2025” as a common roadmap to guide joint action and further strengthen the EU-India Strategic Partnership over the next five years.
In a complex international environment, the European Union and the Republic of India, both “unions of diversity”, sharing values of democracy, rule of law and human rights, are equally convinced of the necessity to preserve the rules-based international order and effective multilateralism. The EU and India have a common interest in each other’s security, prosperity and sustainable development. They can contribute jointly to a safer, cleaner and more stable world. They therefore endeavour to develop further their Strategic Partnership, based on this Roadmap.
Foreign Policy and Security Cooperation Foreign Policy
1. Further strengthen and expand EU-India dialogue mechanisms on foreign policy and security issues of common interest.
2. Enhance exchanges in the context of Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Forum on common priorities between EU and India.
3. Strengthen cooperation and work towards tangible outcomes on shared objectives of non-proliferation and disarmament, maritime security, counter-terrorism (including counter-radicalisation, anti- money-laundering and countering terrorism financing) and cyber security.
4. Establish regular security consultations between the EU and India, focusing on exchange on strategic priorities, security issues, crisis management and peacekeeping.
5. Strengthen military-to-military relations and exchanges.
6. Further enhance mutual understanding through seminars, visits and training courses hosted by defence institutions on both sides.
7. Establish a maritime security dialogue replacing the counter-piracy dialogue and explore opportunities for further maritime cooperation.
8. Deepen cooperation between the European Union Naval Force (EUNAVFOR) ATALANTA and the Indian Navy.
9. Continue regular exchange of views on disarmament, non- proliferation and export controls through the annual India-EU Dialogue on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation.
10. Conclude and implement a working arrangement between Europol and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
11. Continue our joint efforts to promote an open, free, stable and secure cyberspace and increase cooperation on cyber security, as well as combat and prevent cybercrime through the promotion of existing international standards and norms in their respective areas.
12. Enhancing consultations on UN peacekeeping including the agenda on Women, Peace and Security.
13. Reaffirm commitment to the EU-India Human Rights Dialogue as a key tool to promote shared values of human rights and fundamental freedoms, and convene regular meetings to forge mutual understanding and discuss human rights issues – including women’s rights and empowerment and child rights.
14. Enhance cooperation in multilateral fora.
Trade and investment, Business & Economy
15. Work towards balanced, ambitious and mutually-beneficial trade and investment agreements.
16. Establish a High Level Dialogue at ministerial level to provide political guidance to the bilateral trade and investment relation and continue the dialogue on a regular basis.
17. Strengthen mutual engagement through existing institutional mechanisms, notably the EU-India Trade Sub-Commission and its specialised working groups and dialogues, with a view to enhancing market access, particularly for Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), addressing existing trade barriers and preventing the emergence of new ones, seeking alignment to international standards and best practices, easing up the assessment of conformity and improving investment conditions.
18. Cooperate in the EU-India Joint Working Group on Sanitary and phytosanitary measures and technical barriers to trade (SPS-TBT) to facilitate trade and the removal of obstacles related to sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures and technical barriers to trade (TBT), including the technical working groups on animal and plant health.
19. Continue the regulatory dialogue on pharmaceuticals and medical devices, notably via the established EU-India Joint Working Group on pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and medical devices, whilst fostering alignment with international standards and practices and ensuring the quality of pharmaceutical active ingredients and medicines. Strengthen cooperation to facilitate bilateral trade and market access for pharmaceuticals and medical devices. Promote a level playing field for the market players.
20. Continue strengthening the existing dialogue in the Agricultural and Marine Joint Working Group, related to trade in agricultural and fisheries products.
21. Pursue a dialogue on customs through the Joint Customs Cooperation Committee.
22. Engage in the bilateral Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Dialogue.
23. Engage in the bilateral Regulatory Dialogue on Public Procurement to exchange good practice, foster mutual learning and address common challenges.
24. Further strengthen cooperation and exchange of best practices by engaging in a dialogue with regards to competition law.
25. Optimally use the Investment Facilitation Mechanism (IFM) established in 2017 to promote and facilitate EU investment flows into India.
26. Engage in a dialogue for adequate protection of Geographical Indications, including facilitating the registration of Geographical Indications.
27. Further strengthen the macroeconomic and financial regulation dialogues.
28. Strengthen dialogue between EU and Indian businesses including SMEs and Start-ups.
29. India and the EU will continue to strengthen their existing business associations/chambers in Europe and India, such as the European Economic Group, in order to give a coherent voice to Indian and European business.
Sustainable Modernisation Partnership
30. Enhance the EU-India partnership through a wide range of cooperation tools and activities, including through financial and technical assistance (such as with development banks and investment banks from both sides, including the European Investment Bank), consistent with and in pursuance of respective obligations and responsibilities under major international agreements such as Agenda 2030, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement as well as the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.
Climate change and clean energy
31. Cooperate for the full implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and its legal instruments including the Paris Agreement, and of the Nationally Determined Contributions, as well as the formulation of long-term low greenhouse gas emission development strategies, in line with the principles of equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC) in light of different national circumstances.
32. Jointly support global efforts to tackle climate change in light of the latest available science holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre- industrial levels.
33. Engage constructively in the second periodic review of the long-term global goal under the Convention, and of overall progress towards achieving it. Further, engage constructively in the global stocktake in 2023, the outcome of which shall inform updating and enhancing, in a nationally determined manner, the actions and support in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Paris Agreement.
34. Strengthen the EU – India Clean Energy and Climate Partnership agreed at the 2016 Summit and prepare and implement a new work programme.
35. On energy, the EU–India Clean Energy and Climate Partnership should focus on cooperation in energy efficiency and in renewable energy, including its integration in the energy system such as through smart grids. Additional focus should be on safe and sustainable low greenhouse gas emission energy security, integration of electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the energy grid, energy research & innovation and support of a just energy transition and on mobilising finance and improving the market and investment environment with a view to enhancing sustainable energy access and resilience.
36. Hold regular meetings of the EU – India Energy Panel and regular dialogues between the European Commission and India’s energy Ministries (Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Ministry of Power (MoP), Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MoPNG)) to steer the implementation of the work programme of the EU – India Clean Energy and Climate Partnership.
37. Hold regular meetings of the EU-India Climate Change Dialogue to strengthen cooperation on all climate change policies, including by coordination in international fora.
38. Reinforce cooperation on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing the climate change resilience of cities and towns, as they are key actors in climate change mitigation, and for the climate- proofing of infrastructure investment.
39. Reiterate the EU’s and India’s objective to step up cooperation and coordination in international fora and organisations in the area of energy, such as the International Energy Agency (IEA), the ITER organisation, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the G20.
40. Enhance cooperation, including with the support of the European Investment Bank (EIB), on investments in infrastructure in view of climate change mitigation and adaptation, notably in the energy sector.
41. Develop cooperation on the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI), including on climate adaptation.
42. Encourage ratification and implementation of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol and facilitate a smooth transition to environment-friendly alternatives used in significant energy consuming areas such as heating, refrigeration and air conditioning systems in support of the India Cooling Action Plan.
43. Strengthen cooperation on environmental matters through the Joint Working Group on Environment as well as the Environmental Forum to support India’s transition to a resource efficient and circular economy, to address air and water pollution, and to find innovative solutions to tackling plastic and marine litter, as well as to promote the integration of environmental concerns and solutions into economic growth policies.
44. Strengthen cooperation on water related matters through the Joint Working Group on Water and the EU-India Water Forum, as well as in the context of the India-EU Water Partnership (IEWP). Ensure continuous support for the IEWP in different priority areas, reflecting the need for combination of good governance and coordination, as well as appropriate strategies, technical approaches, research and innovation technologies. Enhance the partnership between stakeholders on both sides to enable the sharing of standards, best practices in sectors such as water management.
45. Strengthen the dialogue and establish an EU-India Partnership on resource efficiency and circular economy including through engagement and partnership between green businesses, particularly SMEs. Continue to contribute to the resource efficiency and circular economy strategies, formulating guidelines on aspects related to collection, handling, processing and recycling of waste. Enhance cooperation on standardisation and sharing of best practices in fostering an efficient and sustainable use of natural resources, notably by promoting more recycling and resource recovery, in both the formal and informal economy.
46. Work together in addressing the global biodiversity crisis, stepping up the implementation of existing biodiversity targets under the Convention on Biological Diversity and developing an ambitious new global biodiversity framework for adoption in 2021, while maximising links with climate change policies.
47. Step up cooperation and encourage research in the area of soil biodiversity, sustainable agriculture, and conservation, sustainable management and use of forests, in line with relevant international and national laws and policies of each of the two parties.
48. Step up coordination at multilateral level to strengthen global action on the environment.
49. Step up cooperation in the area of air quality.
50. Work together in establishing an ambitious international framework for sound chemicals and waste management beyond 2020 for consideration, inter alia, at the fifth International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM5) in July 2021 in Bonn.
51. Further implement the Partnership for Smart and Sustainable Urbanisation, namely supporting smart and sustainable cities, promoting investments in sustainable urbanization, promoting climate action and disaster risk reduction in cities, developing effective solid waste management & treatment and promotion of circular economy, developing effective water supply & sewage system and innovation in housing.
52. Facilitate sharing of best practices on the implementation of urban projects supported by the EU and Member States in India through the online EU-India project dashboard.
53. Continue, including with the support by the European Investment Bank (EIB), launching additional investment projects in the field of urban transport.
54. Continue to support smart cities in India, such as under the EU- Agence Française de Développement Smart City project, focussing on sustainable mobility, public open spaces, social and organisational innovation and urban e-governance.
55. Enhance support on city-to-city pairing and cooperation between Indian and European cities on sustainable urban development, to contribute to the achievement of India’s climate change.
56. Facilitate involvement of businesses in the Partnership on smart and sustainable urbanisation, as well as partnerships between the EU and Indian businesses, to support companies in identifying partners, access to financing, and adapting technologies and business models to the Indian context.
57. Implement the activities identified in the first India-EU Urban Forum and the first Joint Working group on Urbanisation organised in 2019, including on technological solutions, policies and practise for smart and sustainable urban development.
Information and communications technology
58. Continue our joint efforts to promote an open, free, stable and secure cyberspace and increase cooperation on cyber security.
59. Continue ICT cooperation under the EU-India Joint Working Group on sustainable digital infrastructure, services, norms and regulatory frameworks, ensuring interoperability of networks, and promoting international standards.
60. Promote common approaches and standards for digital transformation of industry and society, including for advanced wireless technologies and their applications.
61. Enhance convergences between the regulatory frameworks to ensure a high level of protection of personal data and privacy including through a possible data adequacy decisions, with a view to facilitate safe and secure cross border data flows between them.
62. Promote technical and regulatory cooperation on the development of new technologies, such as high performance and quantum computing, artificial intelligence, agritech, healthtech and blockchain.
63. Support the work between European and Indian industries and start- up ecosystems on enhanced cooperation on innovation and technology deployment.
64. Looking forward to organising an EU-India Aviation Summit as soon as conditions will allow and to build upon it by identifying common goals and implementing concrete measures and actions to enhance the EU-India relationship in civil aviation.
65. Implement concrete activities to develop the EU-India exchange in railways focusing on standardisation and regulation for effective railways, decarbonisation, digitalisation, including signalling and traffic management, innovation, investment and railway’s role for social cohesion and inclusiveness, its role for connectivity and against congestion, including those aimed at ensuring the sustainability of railways, with the objective of fully exploiting their potential to contribute to climate objectives.
66. Enhance cooperation on sustainable mobility, including on the deployment of electric vehicle charging infrastructure.
67. Set up a Working Group for comprehensive space collaboration, including on opportunities of cooperation on themes such as Earth observation, satellite navigation and space science.
68. Explore opportunities of cooperation in space-related matters in the UN framework.commitments, and exchange/transfer know-how and capacities with EU cities in the fields of urban sustainable development, energy efficiency and climate action.
Health and Food Security
69. Promote cooperation on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).
70. Promote cooperation for strengthening sustainable food systems.
71. Work together on health security and pandemic crisis preparedness and response, in particular linked to the COVID-19 outbreak.
Research & Innovation
72. Further strengthen cooperation in research and innovation based on the principles of mutual benefit and reciprocity, as established in the EU-India Agreement on Science and Technology concluded in 2001, which expired on May 17, 2020. Both parties are committed to launch the renewal procedure in time and acknowledge 20 years of robust cooperation on research and innovation.
73. Building upon the good cooperation, both parties agreed to further widen the scale and impact of it under the next EU research and innovation programme, ‘Horizon Europe’ (2021-2027), and in India’s equivalent research and innovation programmes and missions, on the basis of co-investment and co-funding. Cooperation will take place in areas of mutual interest and in support of notably the EU-India dialogues on climate change & energy, in line with Mission Innovation and on resources efficiency & circular economy.
74. Strengthen the partnership in the areas of health and bio-economy. On health research to focus on neuroscience and brain research and strengthen cooperation under multilateral fora such as the Global Research Collaboration for Infectious Disease Preparedness (GLoPID-R), the Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD), and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI).
75. On bioeconmy, cooperation will focus on circular bioeconomy, sustainable post-harvest technologies, next generation fuels, animal biotechnology, aquaculture and marine biotechnology and strengthen cooperation under multilateral fora, such as the International Bioeconomy Forum (IBF).
76. Joint research should also lead to increased Technology Readiness Level (TRL) and deployment both in Europe and India.
77. Both sides reaffirm their determination to engage in research and innovation on Earth System Sciences aiming at a better understanding of the effects of climate change and further expand the cooperation in areas of mutual interest.
78. Further strengthen cooperation in Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) under Horizon Europe and EU’s participation in India’s Visiting Advanced Joint Research (VAJRA) programme and similar other actions, allowing for two-way balanced mobility and training of researchers between Europe and India in areas of mutual strategic interest.
79. Promote cooperation on social sciences and humanities. To this extent, the conclusion of an Implementing Arrangement between the European Commission and the Indian Council for Social Science and Research (ICSSR) is to be welcomed. The parties also agree to continue with the EC-SERB implementation agreement, allowing for Indian scientists to join ERC teams in Europe for a short duration.
80. EU and India agree that gender equality and the empowerment of women are essential for socio-economic development and the increase of the global scientific capacity. Both sides have taken actions at different levels to stimulate participation of women in sciences. To this end, the integration of gender dimension in research content is essential for achieving scientific excellence. Joint international research efforts and exchange of best practices should help speeding up realization of women’s full economic, social and scientific potential.
81. Develop sustainable initiatives to harness the innovation potential in the EU and India through joint initiatives, such as an EU-India Innovation Platform (or joint centre), soft landing measures for innovators and startups, which is expected to lead to co-creation and wealth generation and better quality of life in both regions.
82. Implement the Euratom-India Agreement on research and development cooperation in the field of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
83. Reaffirm commitment to and continue the successful cooperation on nuclear fusion in the frame of the ITER project.
84. Work together to share knowledge and expertise regarding artificial intelligence, scientific support to policies and regulatory aspects including ethics, and promote a dialogue in research and innovation.
Global governance Effective Multilateralism
85. Enhance cooperation in the United Nations and other multilateral fora. Establish a regular dialogue on multilateral issues, including on UN reform.
86. Jointly promote connectivity based on international norms and on key guiding principles of social, economic, fiscal and environmental sustainability, as well as transparency, viability, inclusiveness, good governance, and ensuring a level playing field for economic operators. Enhance connectivity cooperation based on mutually agreed principles of sustainable connectivity including G20 voluntary Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment (QII).
87. Explore initiatives to improve connectivity between the EU and India, and seek synergies between their cooperation on connectivity with third countries including in the Indo-Pacific region.
Cooperation in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific
88. Enhance convergences and work together to maintain peace, stability, safety and security, especially in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific, by cooperating to preserve freedom, openness and an inclusive approach in the maritime domain, in full compliance with international law, in particular the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Reiterate the importance of peaceful resolution of disputes, in accordance with international law and through avoidance of the threat or use of force, in violation of the UN Charter. Work together on maritime initiatives for mutually-beneficial cooperation in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific, including for sustainable development, protection of marine ecology, elimination of plastic waste and marine debris, and to offer financially-viable models for development of connectivity and infrastructure.
Global Economic Governance
89. Engage jointly in addressing global trade challenges in the WTO, building on our common objective of maintaining and strengthening a rules-based multilateral trading system.
90. Engage jointly and enhance cooperation in the G20 on issues of global importance and mutual interest, including the promotion of strong, sustainable and balanced growth; cooperate to combat tax fraud, evasion and avoidance; make utmost efforts towards reaching an agreement on taxation of the digital economy.
91. Recognising the importance of orienting private capital towards the implementation of climate action, while noting the significant role of public funds, coordinate on approaches and initiatives for blending and leveraging different financial instruments to create sustainable structures for affordable financing including risk mitigation instruments.
92. Advancing the International Platform on Sustainable Finance (IPSF) to scale up the mobilisation of private capital towards environmentally sustainable investments globally.
Development partnership in third countries
93. Launch concrete trilateral/cooperation projects in pilot partner countries.
94. Establish an EU-India Annual Review on Development partnership in third countries.
95. Explore opportunities for engaging with the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI), workshops and supporting actions.
96. Enhance cooperation on fisheries at bilateral, regional (including in Regional Fisheries Management Organisations) and multilateral levels to ensure sustainable management and use of living marine resources.
97. Promote the development of a sustainable blue economy, including sustainable aquaculture and the exchange of best practices on maritime spatial planning and integrated coastal zone management, including through research and innovation.
98. Support development of an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ).
99. Cooperate in the WTO negotiations to prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, and eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, while recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of these negotiations.
100. Recognize the growing importance of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA).
People-to-people Migration & Mobility
101. Explore possibilities as a follow-up to the High-Level Dialogue on Migration and Mobility (HLDMM) to move forward the EU-India comprehensive partnership on migration and mobility, through the full implementation of the Joint Declaration on Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility (CAMM), by enhancing the mobility of students, researchers, professionals and business persons, with return and readmission being a part of this comprehensive approach.
102. Strengthen dialogue, workshops, and exchanges under the aegis of CAMM on all four components: better organizing and promoting regular migration at relevant skill levels and fostering well-managed mobility, including issuance of visas; maximising the development impact of migration and mobility, including through cooperation on social security issues between India and EU Member States; preventing and combating irregular migration and addressing trafficking in human beings, and promoting international protection, in line with the respective obligations of the EU and India.
103. Establish a working mechanism on cooperation in consular crises, including on consular crises in third countries and on best practices for crisis preparedness and crisis management.
104. Considering the availability of skills and the labour market needs in EU and India, endeavour to streamline the mobility between them in line with applicable migration and mobility rules.
Employment and social policy
105. Cooperate on eradication of child labour by supporting the application of ILO Conventions 138 (Minimum Age Convention) and 182 (Worst Form of Child Labour Convention) recently (June 2017) ratified by India.
106. Establish an annual EU-India Policy Dialogue covering different issues in the area of employment and social policy, such as occupational safety and health, social security, minimum wage, informal economy, female labour market participation and work-life balance and sectoral cooperation.
107. Further explore possibilities within the G20 for comprehensive collaboration on issues such as decent job creation, social protection, occupational safety and health.
Education & Culture
108. Continue the successful cooperation in the area of education and research and further strengthen cooperation under Erasmus+ as well as its successor programme.
109. Improve awareness of study and scholarship opportunities in the EU and in India through Higher Education Fairs and with the Erasmus+ Student and Alumni Alliance (ESAA).
110. Promote balanced mobility of students and academic staff through closer participation of EU Member States in SPARC, DUO India and other initiatives.
111. Reinforce cooperation in the cultural and creative sectors, particularly in the publishing and printing, architecture and cultural heritage sectors, including through research and innovation as well as through artist exchanges and cultural co-creation.
112. Continue cooperation in the field of cultural diplomacy.
Parliaments, Civil Society and Local/Decentralised Authorities
113. Encourage regular exchange between Parliamentarians and launch a platform for a sectoral civil society dialogue.
114. Enhance the exchange of ideas on issues of core relevance for the EU-India strategic partnership in the context of the EU-India Think Tank Twinning Initiative.
Institutional architecture of the EU-India Strategic Partnership
115. Ensure effective high level cooperation through annual EU-India Summits, ministerial meetings and regular high level exchanges.
116. Consolidate the practice of yearly meetings of Strategic Partnership Review, at the level of Secretary MEA / Deputy Secretary General EEAS, to steer and coordinate the implementation of the Strategic Partnership and the Joint Agenda for Action (Roadmap 2025).
117. Strengthen sustainability of strategic partnership through promotion of study tours to EU and Indian institutions aimed at young diplomats from both sides.
118. Utilise the Policy Dialogue Support Facility of the EU to pilot exchanges in the areas of planned policy dialogues.
This EU-India Strategic Partnership: A Roadmap to 2025 gives rise to no financial commitments and does not create any legally binding rights or obligations under domestic or international law.