On July 10, 2020, the European Commission published the 2020 EU Justice Scoreboard – a comparative overview of the efficiency, quality and independence of justice systems in all EU Member States. This year’s Scoreboard shows a continued improvement in the efficiency of justice systems in a large number of Member States. At the same time, according to the results of a Eurobarometer published today, the perception of judicial independence amongst citizens in a number of Member States has continued to decrease.
Vice-President for Values and Transparency, Věra Jourová said: “The EU Justice Scoreboard is an established tool to analyse the trends in the justice systems in our Union. I am encouraged to see that justice systems in many Member States are working better and Europeans can effectively seek justice. What worries me is that in some countries the perception of independence is very low and political pressure features as one of the main reasons behind.”
Commissioner for Justice and Consumers, Didier Reynders, said, “The Justice Scoreboard provides valuable insight into the rule of law in all EU Member States, and the results will feed into the Commission’s first annual Rule of Law Report this year. From the 2020 edition, we can see that there have been improvements in the effectiveness of justice systems in a large majority of Member States, which is good news. However we can also see that citizens do not fully trust their legal systems, which is a problem we need to address.’
Key findings of the 2020 edition:
- Positive developments in the efficiency of justice systems: Since 2012, positive developments can be observed in most of the Member States that were identified in the context of the European Semester as facing specific challenges. In nearly all of those Member States, the length of first instance court proceedings has decreased or remained stable. Nearly all Member States reported a high clearance rate (more than 97%) meaning that courts are generally able to keep up with incoming cases, while making progress on backlogs. The Scoreboard also looks at efficiency in specific areas of EU law – selected because of their relevance for the single market and the business environment. These include consumer law, for example, where cases in seven Member States took less than three months to reach a decision; as well as money laundering, for which first instance court proceedings vary from a year on average in half of Member States to up to two years in several Member States facing challenges regarding prosecution of money laundering offences.
- Perception of judicial independence has decreased compared to 2019: According to the results of a new Eurobarometer published today, in two-thirds of Member States, the perception of judicial independence amongst citizens has improved, since 2016. However, compared to last year, the public’s perception of independence has decreased in about two-fifths of all Member States and in about half of the Member States facing specific challenges. The interference or pressure from government and politicians was the most stated reason for the perceived lack of independence of courts and judges, followed by the pressure from economic or other specific interests.
- Improvements in accessibility and gender equality: Almost all Member States provide access to some online information about their judicial system, while a majority provide information for visually or hearing impaired persons, as well as non-native speakers. Member States are starting to put in place arrangements for machine-readable judgments, albeit with variation between Member States in terms of how advanced these arrangements are. Judgements in this format are more user-friendly and more accessible to the wider public. Almost all Member States make at least some facilitations for children, with measures for child-friendly hearings, for example. However, child-friendly websites with information about the justice system exist in less than half of Member States. Finally, although women still represent less than 50% of judges in most Member States’ Supreme Courts, since 2010 figures continue to grow in most Member States.
As announced in the Political Guidelines of President von der Leyen, the Commission is deepening its monitoring of the situation of the rule of law in all Member States through a new European Rule of Law Mechanism. The 2020 edition of the Justice Scoreboard will feed into the Commission’s first annual Rule of Law Report, which is due to be published later this year.
Launched in 2013, the EU Justice Scoreboard is one of the tools in the EU’s Rule of Law toolbox used by the Commission to monitor justice reforms undertaken by Member States. The Scoreboard assesses the independence, quality and efficiency of national justice systems. It also includes updated indicators on disciplinary proceedings against judges and the appointment of members of the Councils for the Judiciary.
For the first time, this year’s Scoreboard also includes a consolidated overview of measures on child-friendly justice and information regarding court and legal fees.
The Scoreboard does not promote any particular type of justice system and treats all Member States on an equal footing. As the 2020 Scoreboard covers the period between 2012 and 2019, it does not reflect the consequences of the COVID-19 crisis.
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