Last week in McKinsey Charts

Our Charting the path to the next normal series offers a daily chart that helps explain a changing world—during the pandemic and beyond. In case you missed them, this week’s graphics explored Black workers and attrition, learning during lockdown, commuting in Europe, minority-owned small businesses, and profitability for diverse companies.

Black workers face higher levels of workplace attrition at every level

On the path from entry-level worker to executive, Black workers experience lower rates of professional advancement—and compensation—at each successive level of responsibility.

Most diverse companies now more likely than ever to outperform financially

The latest report from our years-long research into ethnic and gender diversity shows an increasing correlation between being in the top quartile for diversity and financial outperformance.

Minority-owned small businesses supported communities more during lockdowns

hey were 48 % more likely to offer new services to support their communities and employees, and they were also more optimistic about economic recovery in general.

As COVID-19 lockdowns end, European cities need to rethink commuting patterns

Under normal circumstances, up to five times more people ride buses and trains during the morning rush hour than at midday. To enable physical distancing, cities are exploring ways to stagger ridership, including adjusting start times for schools and public offices.

30-40 % of minority and low-income students were not learning during lockdowns

In comparison, the share of white students not receiving remote instruction was only 10 %. And only 32 % of all students were getting instruction that was average or better, which will translate into months of lost learning.

Trucks, trains, or ships: Which will be the first to return to growth?

The US freight carriers that will return quickest after the COVID-19 crisis will be the ones best placed to transport the fastest-recovering commodities. Food, other agricultural products, stones, gravel, and minerals are expected to lead the way.

Total stimulus for the COVID-19 crisis already triple that for the entire 2008–09 recession

Governments allocated USD 10 trillion for economic stimulus in just two months—and for some countries, their response as a percentage of GDP was nearly ten times what it was in the financial crisis of 2008–09.