Worth Reading

Worth Reading

Internet of Things: The real situation revealed at last

Researched in late 2016 with ongoing updates, the new IDTechEx report on the Internet of Things (IoT), Internet of Things (IoT) 2017-2027, is intended to assist investors, participants and intending participants and users. The commercially available report is mostly in the form of easily assimilated infograms, roadmaps and forecasts. The report is about nodes that sense, learn, gather data and initiate reports and action using IP addressed sensor nodes to process and send information. It is realistic and analytical not evangelical. Consequently our forecasts do not repeat the mantra about tens of billions of nodes being deployed in only a few years. The many analysts sticking to such euphoria ignore the fact that, contrary to their expectation, very little IoT was deployed in 2016. They are “bubble pushing” with their forecasts, predicting ever steeper take-off to the point of physical impossibility. That is a triumph of hope over reality.IdTechEx

However, our ongoing global travel, interviews, conferences and research by our multi-lingual PhD level analysts located across the world does lead us to believe that a large market will eventually emerge but not primarily for nodes, where our price sensitivity analysis and experimentation shows commoditisation rapidly arriving. Indeed, as Cisco correctly notes, it is a pre-requisite for success. The money will lie in the systems, software and support examined in this study, though we also look closely at node design to reveal all the impediments to progress as well as the things coming right and the potential for enhanced functionality and payback. For example, the ongoing major breaches of internet security with small connected devices sit awkwardly with system and software manufacturers’ claims year after year that they have cracked the problem.

The most primitive IoT nodes have an actuator and no sensor as with connected Raspberry Pi single board computers retrofitted to air conditioning for remote operation. We have talked to the CEO of Raspberry Pi, to systems and node suppliers, academics and many others and assessed their replies.

IoT centres around things collaborating for the benefit of humans without human intervention at the time. It does not include the Internet of People which is a renaming of the world of connected personal electronics operated by humans: it has completely different characteristics and it is cynical to conflate it with IoT. Nevertheless, we show how IoT nodes can be on people and quantify the appropriate part of wearables market because is relevant. The report explains further with a host of examples and options, even giving forecasts for agricultural robots following several respondents seeing agriculture as an important potential IoT market. Because we run our own IoT events, we get the inside track first.

As IoT moves to higher volumes – billions rather than millions yearly – the nodes will typically not be hard wired: wireless nodes will have battery power and increasingly energy harvesting (EH) on-board because it will be impractical to change batteries. We consider the unsolved problem of suitable EH and the possibilities for solving it.

The largest potential applications will be multi-sensor so, for many reasons, component count will increase making cost reduction more difficult. We look at expenditure on IoT enabling technology which currently runs to billions of dollars yearly, mainly coming from governments and aspiring suppliers. However, we reveal how most of those reporting these and other IoT figures are puffing their data with things that may never be a part of the IoT scene such as sensor research in general.

Expenditure on buying and installing actual IoT networks is much more modest, contrary to heroic forecasts made by most analysts and manufacturers in the past. IDTechEx was disbelieving about this for the last four years yet even our node forecasts have now been reduced in the light of what has happened, though our systems figures have been increased. It adds up to $20 billion in actual networks including nodes in ten years from now and rapid progress after that. See the number and dollar breakdown by application. Learn which players do what.

IDTechEx guides your strategic business decisions through its Research and Events services, helping you profit from emerging technologies.

We provide independent research, business intelligence and advice to companies across the value chain based on our core research activities and methodologies providing data sought by business leaders, strategists and emerging technology scouts to aid their business decisions.

IDTechEx Events provide an analytical, commercial outlook, taking into account market requirements, competitive technologies and development roadmaps. Attendees are presented with the full, diverse range of technologies; but the main thrust is always on end-user needs and commercialization strategies.


The Europe Water Treatment Chemicals Industry 2016 Market Research Report

The commercially available Europe Water Treatment Chemicals Industry 2016 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Water Treatment Chemicals industry.

The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Water Treatment Chemicals market analysis is provided for the Europe markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status.Water Report

Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and Bill of Materials cost structures are also analysed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins.

The report focuses on Europe major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out. The Water Treatment Chemicals industry development trends and marketing channels are analysed. Finally the feasibility of new investment projects are assessed and overall research conclusions offered.

With 153 tables and figures the report provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.


The Future of Digital Textile Printing to 2021

Forecasts the digital textile printing market to grow by 17.5% over the next five years to reach a market value of USD 2.66 billion

Smithers’ exclusive analysis tracks how this will drive an even more rapid increase in the volume of fabric printed with inkjet equipment – from 870 million m² in 2016 to 1.95 billion m² in 2021 – a 17.5% CAGR. This is buttressed by data on and analysis of rising global ink consumption and pricings, and a comprehensive survey of the state-of-the-art in textile printing equipment.Cover

‘Growth is continuing at an attractive pace for investors and large corporations. This is witnessed by very important merger and acquisition activity in the past two years, with conglomerates from Japan and the US creating groups of companies. Old family textile printing businesses have been purchased and are being incorporated into these larger businesses combining expertise inks and machines.’ says Dr Justin Hayward, author of the report. ‘Global near-exponential growth rates cannot be sustained in the long-run as a market matures; but several very high growth regions remain. The revolution digital printing has created in graphics, and more recently in ceramics, shows a market penetration of over 70% can occur within a few years, if there is extensive cost parity or better, and if barriers to change are removed.’

In 2016 for textiles the market share for digital processes is 2.8 % of overall volume. But digital’s share is set to boom in a segment where the mean growth is just 3 %. As this develops, major print companies are increasingly taking an interest in the textile segment, fostering the development of new business models, printheads, inks, media, and high throughput machinery.

The greatest acceleration across the study period will be in clothing, which has the key sub-segments of fashion, haute couture and sportswear. Household textiles are predicted to grow at the next fastest rate. Displays and signage are growing somewhat more slowly –from a larger base – but will maintain double digit annual growth across the Smithers study period, which will convert into the largest absolute increase in value for 2016-2021. Technical textiles will lose ground slightly, which is indicative of a lack of visibility of, or focus on, these smaller niche markets.

Quick turnaround is an increasing priority as the fashion segment embraces multiple mini-seasons and print-on-demand delivery models. This suits inkjet production with its reduced set up times. Furthermore it is supported by, and is supporting, the growing availability of web-to-print platforms. These portals are also enabling “value web” approaches – generating direct online sales of digitally printed clothing, and increasingly household décor too.

Global textile industry dynamics are changing and the importance of Asian economies continues to increase, though there is also some backshoring/reshoring of production to North America and Europe to ensure quality in high-value applications. The parallel trend of near-shoring – shortening global supply chains – was poised to benefit Turkey, though this is likely to be cancelled or postponed in the short term.

Analysis in the Smithers Pira report The Future of Digital Textile Printing to 2021 is commercially available, and it confirms that this industry segment will continue to see strong growth across the 2016-2021 period. Its exclusive data shows that a total of 870 million square metres of fabric were printed on digital equipment in 2016 – and was worth USD 1.29 billion. This volume will increase a rate of 17.5 % CAGR across the next five years to 2021, consuming nearly 1.95 billion square metres in that year and a market value of USD 2.66 billion.

This rapid and lucrative market expansion is being fuelled by a series of factors – including technical innovations and evolving end-user demands – all of which are examined and quantified in full in this report.

  • In-depth, quantitative forecasts of the global digital textile printing market; by ink type, substrate, print process, and geographic region
  • Analysis of the market and technology drivers operating across the digital textile print industry and how these will impact the market through to 2021
  • A total of 74 tables and figures providing data and strategic insight in an easy-to-use format

What methodology is used?

The Future of Digital Textile Printing to 2021 is based on a combination of in-depth primary and secondary research. Primary research included interviews targeting all stages of the digital textile value chain worldwide. Secondary research was based on a thorough literature analysis of market and company reports, magazine and journal abstracts, conference presentations and papers, international print and manufacturer associations, and trade press.

This process combined with Smithers’ deep expertise in the print industry allows it to produce a report that gives a unique insight into this complex and rapidly evolving market.

What will you discover?

–        Extensive analysis to enable digital textile print business to make their future strategic decisions with confidence

–        An exclusive and comprehensive data set quantifying the worldwide digital textile print market from 2012-2021 by print volume (‘000 m²) and value (€ million)

–        Comprehensive company profiles of technology developers and suppliers in the fast-developing digital textile segment.

Who should buy this report?

  • Ink and dye formulators and suppliers
  • Specialist textile media producers and distributors
  • Manufactures of textile printing equipment
  • Print service providers and buyers in the apparel and textile signage markets
  • Brand owners, retailers and other high-value textile users
  • Consultants and analysts.

Smithers Pira is the worldwide authority on packaging, paper and print industry supply chains. Established in 1930, Smithers Pira provides strategic and technical consulting, testing, intelligence and events to help clients gain market insights, identify opportunities, evaluate product performance and manage compliance.


WTO-Book highlights “real world” gains from Trade Facilitation Agreement

Implementation of the WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement would provide a huge boost to trade, foreign investment, export diversification and participation in global value chains, particularly for developing and least-developed economies, according to a WTO publication launched on 14 November 2016

The book, Trade costs and inclusive growth: Case studies presented by WTO chair-holders, examines how the WTO’s Aid for Trade initiative can assist with implementing the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA), the importance of mainstreaming trade into national development strategies, and the potential impact of the TFA in various regions.

The book was launched at the opening of the WTO Chairs Programme (WCP) Annual Conference in Geneva. Initiated in 2010, the WCP aims to enhance knowledge and understanding of the multilateral trading system among academics and students in developing countries through teaching, research and outreach activities in academic institutions.

In his opening remarks at the event, WTO Deputy Director General Yi Xiaozhun noted that one important obstacle to increasing poor countries’ integration into global markets is high trade costs.

“There are many factors to high trade costs, including infrastructure deficiencies, lack of competition, etc.” DDG Yi said.  “However, burdensome trade procedures appear to be a significant contributor to those costs.  This suggests how important trade facilitation, and in particular the WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement, is to developing countries.”

While WTO economists have estimated the TFA could increase global merchandise exports by up to USD 1 trillion per annum, with developing countries capturing more than half of the available gains, the publication acknowledges continued uncertainty among some developing countries and least-developed countries (LDCs) regarding the benefits of the Agreement.1

“Our review of the economic literature on trade facilitation and the studies collected in this volume should lay to rest this uncertainty”, the editors of the book affirm. “Developing and least-developed WTO members should find plenty of useful lessons in these studies, authored by WTO chair-holders, as the research and conclusions drawn are firmly rooted in circumstances and challenges frequently encountered in the developing world.”

Particular attention is given to Africa and to Arab countries, and, “not surprisingly, the studies find that the gains that can be obtained are large,” according to the editors.

The TFA is unique in that the requirement to implement the Agreement is directly linked to each WTO member’s capacity to do so. In addition, the TFA states that assistance and support should be provided to help members achieve that capacity.

The book underlines that the readiness of the international community to provide such assistance is key in determining how speedily and fully the provisions of the TFA are realized. This point is reinforced by the studies in this book that show how Aid for Trade can and has played a catalytic role in making possible trade facilitation reforms.

It “is essential to assist developing countries, and particularly the least developed amongst them, to lower trade costs through trade policy reforms and implementation of the TFA,” assert the editors.

The TFA will enter into force once two-thirds of the WTO membership has formally accepted the Agreement. To date, 96 members have ratified, meaning that over 87 % of the ratifications needed for entry into force have now been received.


WTO-UNCTAD launch new guide to trade policy analysis

A new book on trade policy analysis was launched today (November 15) by the WTO and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). “An Advanced Guide to Trade Policy Analysis: The Structural Gravity Model” outlines one of the most successful tools for the analysis of trade policy and provides practical guidance on how to apply this tool to trade policy making

The book is a follow-up to “A Practical Guide to Trade Policy Analysis”, which was published in 2012. The series aims to help researchers and policy makers enhance their understanding of economic methods and data sources for trade policy analysis. Written in collaboration with academics, each book is premised on the fact that good policy making needs to be backed up by good analysis.

The need for trade policy analysis has become particularly evident in recent years as questions have been increasingly asked about whether the gains from trade exceed the costs of trade. It is important, therefore, for policy makers and others to have access to reliable information on the effects of trade policies.wto

The most innovative feature of the series is that it combines detailed explanation of analytical techniques with a guide to the data needed to undertake analysis. It also contains a tutorial in the form of empirical applications and exercises.

This new volume responds to requests from government officials and researchers in developing countries to extend the analysis of trade policy effects from partial to general equilibrium. This new publication focuses on the gravity model.

The gravity model is one of the most successful frameworks in economics. Hundreds of papers have used the gravity model to study and quantify the effects of various factors on international trade. This book guides the reader through the challenges of applying the model and provides recommendations on how to obtain reliable partial equilibrium estimates for the effects of trade policy.

The book extends the analysis of trade policy to a general equilibrium setting, guiding the reader through all the necessary steps and required data to undertake the analysis. The book has been written by experts who have rich practical experience in this field. The WTO and UNCTAD are particularly indebted to Professor Yoto Yotov and Professor Mario Larch, who have supported the project and developed the methodology to perform the general equilibrium analysis presented in this book.  

This advanced guide is targeted at economists and policy makers with extensive experience in applied research and analysis. Readers with less experience may wish to first undertake the exercises proposed in the “Practical Guide to Trade Policy Analysis.


Natural disasters force 26 Million People into poverty and cost USD 520 billion in losses every year

”The impact of extreme natural disasters is equivalent to a global USD 520 billion loss in annual consumption, and forces some 26 million people into poverty each year, a new report from the World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) reveals

“Severe climate shocks threaten to roll back decades of progress against poverty,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. “Storms, floods, and droughts have dire human and economic consequences, with poor people often paying the heaviest price. Building resilience to disasters not only makes economic sense, it is a moral imperative.”

The report, Unbreakable: Building the Resilience of the Poor in the Face of Natural Disasters, warns that the combined human and economic impacts of extreme weather on poverty are far more devastating than previously understood.Worldbank

In all of the 117 countries studied, the effect on well-being, measured in terms of lost consumption, is found to be larger than asset losses. Because disaster losses disproportionately affect poor people, who have a limited ability to cope with them, the report estimates that impact on well-being in these countries is equivalent to consumption losses of about USD 520 billion a year. This outstrips all other estimates by as much as 60 %.

With the climate summit, COP22, underway, the report’s findings underscore the urgency for climate-smart policies that better protect the most vulnerable. Poor people are typically more exposed to natural hazards, losing more as a share of their wealth and are often unable to draw on support from family, friends, financial systems, or governments.

Unbreakable uses a new method of measuring disaster damages, factoring in the unequal burden of natural disasters on the poor. Myanmar’s 2008 Cyclone Nargis, for example, forced up to half of the country’s poor farmers to sell off assets including land, to relieve the debt burden following the cyclone.

Economic and social repercussions of Nargis will be felt for generations. 

The report assesses, for the first time, the benefits of resilience building interventions in the countries studied. These include early warning systems, improved access to personal banking, insurance policies, and social protection systems (like cash transfers and public works programmes) that could help people better respond to and recover from shocks. It finds that these measures combined would help countries and communities save USD 100 billion a year and reduce the overall impact of disasters on well-being by 20 %.

“Countries are enduring a growing number of unexpected shocks as a result of climate change,”said Stephane Hallegatte, a GFDRR lead economist, who led preparation of the report.

“Poor people need social and financial protection from disasters that cannot be avoided. With risk policies in place that we know to be effective, we have the opportunity to prevent millions of people from falling into poverty.”

Efforts to build poor people’s resilience are already gaining ground, the reportshows. For example, Kenya’s social protection system provided additional resources to vulnerable farmers well before the 2015 drought, helping them prepare for and mitigate its impacts.  And in Pakistan, after record-breaking floods in 2010, the government created a rapid-response cash grant program that supported recovery efforts of an estimated 8 million people, lifting many from near-certain poverty.

Building resilience is key to meeting the World Bank Group’s twin goals of ending global poverty and boosting shared prosperity.


Sustainable development: a glance at where the European Union stands

A Eurostat publication for professionals complemented with a citizen’s guide

Sustainable development aims to achieve a continuous improvement in citizens’ quality of life and well-being. This involves the pursuit of economic progress, while safeguarding the natural environment and promoting social justice. For these reasons, sustainable development is aEU Book fundamental and overarching objective of the European Union (EU). Since 2005 and up to 2015, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, has produced biennial monitoring reports of the EU sustainable development strategy, based on the EU set of sustainable development indicators.

On November 22, 2016 Eurostat issued the publication “Sustainable Development in the European Union – A statistical glance from the viewpoint of the UN Sustainable Development Goals”. It provides an overview of the current situation of the EU and its Member States in relation to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are at the core of the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” adopted on September25, 2015 by the UN General Assembly.

A statistical glance at the EU from the viewpoint of the UN Sustainable Development Goals

“Sustainable Development in the European Union – A statistical glance from the viewpoint of the UN Sustainable Development Goals” is a one-off publication, bridging Eurostat’s series of monitoring reports on the EU sustainable development strategy to the future regular monitoring of the UN sustainable development goals in an EU context, foreseen to start in 2017. This publication is released simultaneously with the Commission Communication “Next steps for a sustainable European future: European action for sustainability”.

Figures for the Future – sustainable development in our everyday life

Eurostat is committed to providing high quality statistics on the EU not only for professionals, but for all European citizens. This is precisely the aim of the publication “Figures for the future – sustainable development in our everyday life”, a blog-type presentation in which Anne, a fictional 21-year old student, links sustainable  development indicators and her life. As Walter Radermacher, Director-General of Eurostat, wrote: “Sustainable development is not an abstract concept – it affects our everyday lives and defines the world we hand on to our children and grandchildren”.

“Figures for the Future” combines statistical data with Anne’s narrative about her hopes and dreams and the people she cares about. Writing a blog about sustainable development as part of her Young Women in Journalism scholarship, Anne refers to events in her and her friends’ everyday life and links them to sustainability. The publication “Figures for the future” is complemented by a short video.

EU video

For more information:

Eurostat publication “Sustainable Development in the European Union – A statistical glance from the viewpoint of the UN Sustainable Development Goals“, PDF version.

Eurostat citizen’s guide “Figures f

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