Increased cotton field yields in Turkey

Increased cotton field yields in Turkey

Cotton planting area and production in Turkey are estimated about 425000 hectares and 700000 metric t, up about percent compared to last year. In recent years, Turkish farmers have been improving their field yields by increasing utilization of high quality certified seedsGraph 1 Cotton

Availability of high quality seeds, government’s insistence on certified seeds usage, increased number of harvesters and good farming practices have all facilitated higher yields. As of now, no major bug attack is reported and the crop is growing under ideal conditions in all three major cotton growing regions.

Growing seed cotton production

GOT, to promote cotton planting, has been increasing the seed cotton production bonus during the last five years. Accordingly, MY 2016 seed cotton production support increased to TL 0.75 per kilogram from 0.65 per kilogram a year ago (as of 8/15/2016 US$ 1= 2.95 TL). The support is provided only to certified seed users.

Turkey became part of the BCI (Better Cotton Initiative) three years ago and expected to produce about 40000 metric t of BCI cotton in MY 2016.

New textile machinery technology

Turkish mills have been investing in new machinery and technology to increase quality and lower costs in order to get ahead in the very competitive international textile trade.

Turkish mills have been investing in new machinery and technology to increase quality and lower costs in order to get ahead in the very competitive international textile trade.

Graph 2 CottonIn MY 2015, domestic cotton consumption was about 1.47 million metric t (6.7 million bales) in spite of the lower textile exports. War conditions in Syria, Iraq and Ukraine, and also stopping of exports to Russia after the Turkish downing of a Russian plane in November 2015 all caused exports to decline to these destinations. In the meantime, mills had to lower their margins to keep their market share in the European market to continue operating.

Domestic consumption is expected to go up, even though marginally, to 1.5 million metric t (6.9 billion bales) during MY 2016 due to recent initiatives of the Turkish government to improve relations with Russia and regional countries. Also, textile exports to Europe are expected to grow due to relative growth in the economies of the region.

US with largest import share

Total cotton imports for the first eleven months of MY 2015 were 857,000 MT (3.93 Million bales). The United States provided about thirty five percent of the imports, which was 300000 metric t (1.37 million Bales), down from an average of 50 %. Brazil (126000 metric t), Turkmenistan (122000 metric t) and Greece (104000 metric t) were the other leading suppliers during the same period. Despite the war conditions, about 16000 metric t of Syrian cotton also found its way to the Turkish market.

During the first ten months of   MY 2015 Turkey’s cotton exports were about 9300 metric t (43000 bales). Bangladesh (3400 metric t) and Greece (1100 metric t) were the leading foreign destinations for Turkish cotton. About 2500 metric t of cotton was also exported to the Mersin and Kayseri Free Trade Zone with a possibility of being re-imported later. Turkey also exported about 15500 metric t (70000 bales) of hydrophilic cotton for medical use during the same period.

Expl. cotton

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