EU is a net investor in the rest of the world
At the end of 2014, the European Union (EU) held Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) stocks of EUR 5749 billion in the rest of the world (+7.6 % compared with the end of 2013). Stocks held by the rest of the world in the EU amounted to EUR 4583 billion (+9.6 %), meaning that the EU held a net investment position of EUR 1166 billion vis-a-vis the rest of the world
Special purpose entities (SPEs) resident in the EU played a significant role in both outward and inward FDI positions. At the end of 2014, they accounted for half (50 %) of the FDI stocks held by the EU abroad and for 63 % of the FDI stocks held by the rest of the world in the EU.
Such data – subject to revision – are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
The information on FDI stocks help to quantify the impact of globalisation and provide a measurement of longstanding economic links between countries. They provide an indication of the relative importance of a country’s economic presence abroad, or that of foreign partners in the reporting entity, measured in terms of FDI capital.
More than a third of EU FDI stocks held in the USA
North America, and in particular the United States, represented the main partner of the
EU for FDI. At the end of 2014, the United States (EUR 1985 billion, or 35 % of total stocks held by the EU in the rest of the world) was the leading location of EU FDI stocks, followed by Switzerland (EUR 632 billion or 11 %), Brazil (EUR 344 billion or 6 %) and Canada (EUR 275 billion or 5 %). The United States was also by far the main investor in the EU (EUR 1811 billion, or 40 % of total FDI stocks held by the rest of the world in the EU), ahead of Switzerland (EUR 509 billion or 11 %). Together, these two countries accounted for slightly over half of FDI stocks held by the rest of the world in the EU at the end of 2014.