Detailed textile data on Southern and Eastern Anatolia, Turkey
Gaziantep – the gate to the Middle Eastern countries and located on the historical Silk Road – and its neighbours Adiyaman, Diyarbakir, Osmaniye, Sanliurfa, Kaharamanmaras, Adnan, Mardin, Kayseri, Malatya are the sites very prominent textile and clothing manufacture. It will be also the site for the Middle East Textile Machinery Exhibition OTM 2014 (October 16 – 19, 2014), in two halls of the Gaziantep Middle East Exhibition Centre (see also TextileFuture’s Event Calendar)
In Gaziantep there are 324 textile companies listed in four separate industrial zones, they have a share of 82 % in machine and handmade carpets, 95 % in machine made carpets, 92 % in polypropylene yarn, 60 % in tricot, knitted goods and 59 % in nonwoven cloth of total production in Turkey. 1018 Textile and Raw Materials Companies and 227 Carpet Companies are members of the exporter unions in Gaziantep.
The manufacturing sectors and their production shares in Gaziantep, including textiles and clothing, can be had from Table 1
Gaziantep enjoys a high influx of FDI Foreign Direct investment. Details can be had from Table 2
Kahramanmaras, a neighbouring province of Gaziantep, lists 249 textile and garment producing companies, thereof 82 produce yarn, 26 woven fabrics, 43 knitted fabrics, 47 are ginneries, 23 produce colorants, 2 produce cotton and 26 produce ready wear and nonwovens. The province has a share of 35 % of the total yarn production and 10 % of the total fabric production of Turkey. It is making preparations to produce also 50 % of the total cotton yarn and 20 % of knits produced in Turkey by 2023, and investment to reach this target has already started and by using grants of around USD 1.2 billion, representing the largest share of incentives (45.9 %) used in the region, and textile investments of USD 536 million is to continue.
The province of Sanliurfa lists 196 textile manufacturers making fast progress with incentives. These companies have a share of up to 30 % of the manufacturing sector of the city. Around 40 % of Turkey’s cotton is produced in this province. The production is earmarked to double with the completion of the irrigation projects of GAP (GüneydoguAndalu Projesi – South East Anatolian Project). The “cotton based industry” has already started, especially with the New Incentive System and the development of the industry, as well as works to set up a “textile island” in the second OSB Organised Industrial Zone, together with the Union of Ready Wear Exporters Union of Istanbul. It is intended to bring in small businesses, especially companies within the ready wear industry. It is estimated that it will create jobs for about 5000 to 8000 people on “Textile Island” and will cover a territory of around 360000 m2 and should be completed within a few years.
Diyarbakir will create “Textile City” with 7500 employments. There are actually 65 manufacturers of textiles, knitting and apparel and recent investments continue, both in the organised industrial site and at textile factories levels. The “Textile City” will start production by the end of 2014 and is a project of textile manufacturers of the Southeast region under the umbrella of the Association of South East Textile Industry and Businessmen (GÜNTIAD) and the leadership of the Governorship of Diyarbakir, as well as with the support and contributions from the Karacadag Development Agency.
Malatya is another centre of manufacturing within the textile industry in Eastern and South Eastern Anatolia Regions with private sector investments. There are actually 131 companies listed in the weaving and ready wear sectors. Malatya has processing cotton installations for producing different kinds of yarn and fabrics, such as hosiery, canvas, marquee, furnishing fabrics and denim.
In Adana there are 282 textile companies listed, 12 of these figure among the biggest Turkish 500 Industrial Corporations. 115 belong to the ready wear sector.
Midyat, district of Mardin has a particular position within the textile industry and the number of textile factories increase almost daily. Several hundred workers are employed in 20 existing textile factories. Companies of domestic and foreign brands and trademark owners have established their manufacturing facilities in Midyat. It has to be added that there are new investments in textile factories at Batman Organised Industrial Site.
Details of the textile and clothing relevant exports of Gaziantep and neighbouring provinces (in USD 1000) can be had from Table 3
In the period of January – September 2013 the South Eastern Anatolia Region exported USD 2.1 (USD 1.8 billion) billion textiles and raw materials (+ 14 %). Fabrics participated with USD 506 million, yarn exports with USD 504 million, and chemicals with USD 500 million. Iraq tops the list of export destinations with USD 643 million. Middle East countries lead the country groups with USD 780 million, followed by the EU with USD 666 million and African countries with USD 184 million.