Turkish Home Textile Industry at a glance
The Turkish home textile industry is on an uptrend and expresses future confidence by an expansion of production, investments and enlarging production sites. The sector expects 15 % more turnover in 2013
According to TESIAD, the Turkish Home Textile Industrialist’s and Businessmen’s Association, production of the sector achieved 2012 a value of approximately USD 12 billion and thereof around USD 9 billion were destined to the domestic market, the reminder was export business. Turkish producers are enhancing such exports and expect to reach USD 3.3 billion or a plus of close to 18 % in the ongoing year.
In the 1980’s and 1990’s Turkish home textiles suffered in their home market because of the intensified competition from Chinese imports, and this competition was considered unfair since Turkish companies were producing according to internationally valid regulations and without governmental subsidies. The Turkish market was virtually over-flooded by Chinese home textiles. Relief came in 2010, at that time, the Turkish government was charging an anti-dumping tax of 70.44 % (max. USD 5/kg) on Chinese imported fabrics made of synthetics and man-made fibres. Fabrics not covered by this measure were subject to a protective duty of 20 % as of September 15, 2011 which additionally helped local producer. Behind both measures TESIAD was the major driver. Actually the sector consists of roughly 1000 enterprises, employing around 1.5 million persons. In 2012 exports were on decline, mostly because of the economic slowdown in some EU member countries and this is continuing and therefore Turkish home textile manufacturer are aiming to diversify export destinations.
There are various regions engaged in the Turkish production of home textiles, curtains and bedding made of polyester fibres are mostly manufactured in and around the north eastern industrial city of Bursa, as well as in Corlu on Lake Marmara. Cotton based home textiles are manufactured mainly in the western provinces of Deinzli and Usak, but also in the Central Anatolian province Kayseri. Turkish textile plants tend to be equipped with modern machinery and advanced technology.