Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises, 2017

Majority-owned U.S. affiliates (MOUSAs) of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) employed 7.4 million workers in the United States in 2017, a 2.8 % increase from 7.2 million in 2016, according to statistics on MOUSA operations and finances released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

MOUSAs accounted for 5.8 % of total private-industry employment in the United States. Employment by MOUSAs was largest in manufacturing and in retail trade. MOUSAs with ultimate beneficial owners in the United Kingdom, Japan, and Germany were the largest contributors to total MOUSA employment. (See the Additional Information for definitions of  MOUSAs and other terminology used in this release.)

Employment by Majority Owned US Affiliates

Current-dollar value added of MOUSAs, a measure of their direct contribution to U.S. gross domestic product (GDP), increased 8.3 % to USD 1.0 trillion. MOUSAs accounted for 6.9 % of total U.S. business-sector GDP.  

Expenditures for property, plant, and equipment by MOUSAs increased 2.2 % to USD258.6 billion. MOUSAs accounted for 16.4 % of total U.S. private business capital expenditures. Research and development (R&D) performed by MOUSAs increased 8.1 % to USD 62.6 billion. MOUSAs accounted for 15.6 % of total U.S. business R&D.

MOUSA Share of Private Industry Employment by State

By state, private-industry employment accounted for by MOUSAs was  highest in Kentucky (8.5 %), South Carolina (8.3 %), and New Jersey (8.1 %). In all three states, MOUSAs in the manufacturing industry employed the most workers.

Additional statistics on the activities of U.S. affiliates of foreign multinationals including sales, balance sheet and income statement items, compensation of employees, trade, and more are available on BEA’s website. More industry, country, and state level detail are available on the website and will be highlighted in the December issue of the Survey of  Current Business.

Updates to the statistics

Statistics for 2016 are revised to incorporate newly available and revised source data. Preliminary statistics for 2016 were released in November 2018 and highlighted in “Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises in  2016” in the December 2018 issue of the Survey of Current Business.