Lifting the mask

Novel protective mask for medical personnel

Laughter is the best medicine, says medical research. But, how are patients supposed to feel like smiling if the faces of the nursing staff and even their beloved ones are covered with masks? Researchers from Empa and EPFL are currently developing a novel face mask, which offers an unobstructed view of the wearer’s facial expressions.

Anyone who has to go to hospital for treatment will already not be in the best of spirits. The situation is even more unsettling for small children or the elderly, who, overwhelmed with pain and medical procedures, just need to get well. After all, how is someone in a mask supposed to read a comforting story to a small child? And how is an enfeebled patient supposed to grasp what the masked individual plans on doing with the needle in his hand? It would be easier to deal with patients if the lips and facial expressions were visible through the mask. With this in mind, researchers from Empa in St. Gallen  and EPFL’s EssentialTech program are currently developing the Hello Mask with an integrated transparent filter film.

“A conventional face mask is composed of several layers of relatively thick fibres,” says Empa researcher Giuseppino Fortunato. And, although the individual fibres of the white or green masks might well be see-through, their diameter and processing cause the incident light to scatter to such an extent that the mask turns opaque. The woven fibres of the Hello Mask, on the other hand, should leave a transparent surface that offers an unobstructed view of the lips, also enabling the wearer to communicate non-verbally with the patient via facial expressions.

Smiling permitted – More facial expressions despite a medical mask: The “Hello Mask” enables medical staff to communicate less restrictedly with patients who need to be protected from germs. Particularly when dealing with children or the elderly, the Hello Mask is intended to make encounters with patients more meaningful. The picture shows a conceptual model of the mask. Prototypes are currently being developed

For the see-through film to also filter out pathogens from the wearer’s breath, however, it may only contain very tiny pores. This protects patients with a weakened immune system against infections, for instance. By the same token, the mask should also keep out germs: Nursing staff and the loved ones of people suffering from highly contagious diseases like Ebola covet a more humane contact with the patients, without jeopardizing their own health. The Hello Mask should bring more humanity to how highly contagious diseases are handled. “Using a technique referred to as electrospinning, we can produce such fine membranes with a pore size of around 100 nanometres,” explains Fortunato. The challenge in producing one of these masks, however, is to enable sufficient air to flow through the close-meshed material of the mask. The materials researchers are currently analysing which kinds of polymer fibres can be used to produce a film with maximum respiratory activity.

Back in 2016, the team received the Challenge Challenge Debiopharm-Inartis Award. The project, which is also funded by the Gebert Rüf Foundation and the Staub Kaiser Foundation, is due to run until 2019. EPFL’s EssentialTech program will refine the product to prepare the Hello Mask for industrial production as swiftly as possible.

 

 

www.empa.ch