More facts on Greek Cotton and Spinning (Part 2)

Newsletter of last week:

Is apparel manufacturing coming home?

Here is the Review of last week’s NEWS. For your convenience just click on the feature for fast access.


First biobased coating hardener for lightfast polyurethane coatings bestowed

VTT and Aalto fibre technologies win EU award


Regulatory approval process for the intended BASF acquisition of Solvay’s polyamide business moves forward

Ahlstrom-Munksjö completes the acquisition of Brazil Caieiras specialty paper mill

VDMA Textile Care, Fabric and Leather Technologies – Industry with very good growth


China Growth slows to 6.5 %; Finance Officials try to soothe worried Investors


Clariant’s shareholders approve all agenda items at Extraordinary General Meeting

Autoneum and ATZ publish special edition “Automotive Acoustics”


USDA – Cotton: World Markets and Trade update October

Broken Pecan Trees, Ruined Cotton Harvest: Georgia Counts Michael hurricane cost


OECD employment rate increases to 68.3% in the second quarter of 2018

Swiss Textiles, Clothing and Footwear offer a mixed bag


Denim goes greener along the whole chain


Europe to spend billions on lithium-ion battery plants


Ethiopia to start development three textile parks before July 2019


EU-Republic of Korea Summit: building on a well-established partnership

EU and Singapore forge closer economic and political ties


CEMATEX underscores ITMA 2019 in Barcelona the theme with Innovation Lab feature

B&O Chief Chemist, Frank Keohan, will speak at IFAI 2018 on new generation of Stormproof/Breathable™ DWR’s

Actual News from ITMA Asia + CITME – Italian Textile Machinery (continued)

Actual News from ITMA Asia +CITME – Uster Technologies (continued)

Further actual information from ITMA Asia + CITME – Further news from Oerlikon (continued)

Aurora’s printable textiles + Expressions, selected to showcase major printer and finishing technologies at SGIA EXPO 2018

Actual News from ITMA Asia + CITME – Swiss Innovations (continued)

Actual News from ITMA Asia + CINTE – SANTEX RIMAR GROUP at ITMA ASIA 2018 (continued)


The Future of Work

Declaration on the future of work and the social partnership in Switzerland


3D lung model – What does graphene do in our lungs?


Thinking Science and Design by Rudolf Better Chemistry

New Products

Workaround, ALBIS PLASTIC and BASF optimize smart glove for industrial applications

Roland DG launches VersaEXPRESS RF-640 8 Colour eco-solvent printer

Gerber Launches FashionTech Platform 1.0, Enabling Purchase-Activated Fashion Through Collaboration with OnPoint Manufacturing

Raw Materials

Raw materials use to double by 2060 with severe environmental consequences, says OECD


Epilogue – Sears reshaped America, from Kenmore to Allstate

Edward Lampert, the Hedge-Fund Star who bet on Sears, is unrepentant

House of Fraser buys Glasgow store to create “Harrods of the North”

Actual Storms, not economic ones, explain U.S. Retail Sales Dip

US Same-Store Sales: Costco continues to beat consensus; L Brands posts healthy comparable sales growth

Asos surges ahead with sales up 26 %

Lands’ End is touring the U.S. with Airstreams modelled after Iconic Duffle Bags

French Connection begins sale discussions with four potential bidders

UK Debenhams could close up to one third of stores


Global industrial robot sales doubled over the past five years

Textile Investment

Three international organisations to invest in Myanmar’s textile industry

Wind Turbines

First wind turbines with polyurethanes from Covestro

Worth Visiting

Home Futures exhibition at the London Design Museum


Here starts today’s Newsletter:


More facts on Greek Cotton and Spinning (Part 2)

After the exclusive report on Greek Cotton and Clothing, we have the pleasure to present additional facts on Greek Cotton and Spinning. We would like to expressively thank Mr. George Tzivelopoulos from e-TEXELCO who helped tremendously to collect the necessary information. A third part to come soon will show the latest information from Greek spinners

TEXELCO’s history

TEXELCO is in the sales business acting as agent since 1967 or 51 years in textiles, under the name D.Stiacoyannakis Ltd, which was later changed to TEXELCO Ltd before its last change.

The dramatic increase of the market share for its principles, was managed from e-TEXELCO by gaining the respect of the market for its professionalism, correctness, knowhow and effectiveness.

Now adopting to the everyday changing business environment, we continuously work to improve our performance and results.

e-TEXELCO now organises and coordinates representation networks to Greek companies, who are willing to export or increase their exports.


e-TEXELCO offers marketing consulting services to support your business processes and improve your business performance. In particular, we analyse the current conditions in the internal and external business environment to create your strategic marketing planning. In order for the marketing strategy to be effective e-TEXELCO carries out a series of studies.

In this context marketing actions are included such as:

  • Competitive environment analysis
  • SWOT analysis
  • Market segmentation
  • Customer targeting
  • Positioning tactics

These studies lead to strategic management decisions aiming to ensure the sustainability of the company as well as its development. The market analysis allows us to identify the strategic marketing objectives and formulate the appropriate marketing mix for each target market. The strategic marketing plan enables your business to continually assess its performance in relation to targets, identify the weaknesses of the company as a whole or its products and allows you to make useful comparisons with the competition.

Textile References by Texelco

e-Business Services

e-TEXELCO specializes in providing e-Business services designed to improve your business presence online. The integrated e-business services we offer include the determination of your company’s online strategy, the implementation of the appropriate tactics and the regular track and monitoring of the results.

The services we offer include:

  • Website Review

If your site has low traffic and generates low sales you may want to update it. e-TEXELCO can assess your website in an individual report. In the report the current performance of your site in search engines are outlined, technical issues are identified, strengths and weaknesses of your site and who links to you are reported in detail. Based on your current site, e-TEXELCO makes personalised recommendations of how you can improve your online activity.

  • Content Services

The site’s performance depends significantly on its content. In e-TEXELCO we create content based on your company’s strategy and the needs of your target audience. Content services include: o text writing (e.g. company profile, company’s history, vision, etc.) o application of the SEO principles in the content to achieve high ranking in search engines o site translations

  • Search Engine Optimisation (SEO)

Since customers begin their buying process using search engines like Google, your company’s success depends highly on how your site ranks on them. e-TEXELCO offers SEO services and uses a series of cost effective techniques to optimise your site’s ranking for targeted keywords. Your site’s high rank position results in a greater number of visitors. At the same time, the driven traffic is highly targeted and thus more likely to convert to sales.

  • Pay Per Click Advertising (PPC)

e-TEXELCO undertakes the creation and the management of your online advertising campaign using the keywords associated to your target audience. PPC marketing allows continuous modifications based on the observed reactions of the users. The campaign’s cost is flexible and easily controllable and most importantly the results are measurable.

  • Social Media Marketing

The high results promised by social media marketing, are mostly due to the targeting capabilities and the ability to build relationships with the customer base offered by social media. In e-TEXELCO we take advantage of the marketing chances offered by the social media networks (face book, twitter, flicker, YouTube etc.) aiming to raise your company’s brand awareness and sales. e-TEXELCO designs and implements powerful campaigns in social media but also manages your constant presence in these networks.


The Greek Cotton Association

By the Hellenic Cotton Association

The cotton-ginning sector is a very important subsector of the Greek economy. Almost half of the existing ginning mills have been operating for more than 50 years, of course nowadays technologically updated and renovated, giving ginners a lot of experience, expertise and professionalism in their field. In many cases, we are going through the second generation, in a few cases even the third, which helps the industry mature. There are 35 ginning firms active in the market, which operate 67 ginning units, located near the areas of cotton cultivation

In Greece, the first cultivation of cotton plants took place in Peloponnesus back in the 4th century BC and later on was expanded to other areas. The soldiers of Great Alexander brought the cotton from India to Greece. Herodotus, father of history, around 445 BC wrote: {{In India wild trees grow and produce fleece even finer than the fleece of the goat, and from these trees the Indians obtain their clothes}}

In the year 1911, cotton cultivation in Greece was occupying 90500 square meters with an output of 52 kilos per square meter. In the 80s the cultivation was significantly developed. The Greek yarn spinning sector demand in lint cotton was covered from the domestic production and also significant quantities were exported to third counties. The cultivated area in Greece since 1981 has been fluctuating from 126000 hectares at the year 1981 to 255000 at the year of 2017. The cultivated area reached its high at the year of 1995 with 440000 hectares. Since the last CAP reformation regarding the European cotton policy at the year of 2006, the cultivated area has been stabilised at the level of 250000 hectares average, ranging from 225000 to 285000 hectares depending on the market data each year.




Greece is among the world’s twelve largest cotton-producing countries, the ten countries with highest yields, and the ten largest cotton-exporting countries along with countries of considerably larger size.


The major destinations of Greek cotton are Turkey and Egypt. Also the Far East markets as Indonesia, Pakistan, Japan and Vietnam.

Smaller volumes of lint cotton are exported to other EU and Mediterranean countries as Italy, Bulgaria and Tunisia.

The main cotton production regions

Today the main cotton production regions in Greece are Thessaly, Thrace, Central-East Macedonia, and Central Greece. Almost all cotton is irrigated and only a very small percentage of less than 10% is grown under dry-land conditions. Large investment in machinery, water collection, pumping plants and human skills has been devoted to the crop, while its management is fully mechanized.

The Greek crop is the first available of the North Hemisphere ready to be shipped and delivered to mills late September/ beginning October, when demand for cotton picks up. Greek Cotton is 100% machine picked with spindle pickers, with good uniformity ratio and high quality standards in terms of spinnability (length, strength, Micronaire, etc). Moreover Greek cotton is contamination free, since the process from the very first stage of sowing, up to harvesting, ginning, packaging and storing is highly mechanized, with good standards of automation and repeatability. Cotton growers are using premium NON GMO cottonseeds. They have excellent knowledge and experience in planting cotton; they irrigate and fertilize properly aiming at the maximum outcome. Last but not least, due to its prime location and experienced professional in logistics, shipments from Greece are very fast and reliable, ensuring prompt deliveries according to contract terms, to every destination.

In Greece, many bodies and organizations, public and private, are engaged in the cotton sector. Their main areas of activity are: the implementation of CAP, strategy development, research, varieties assessment and others fields.

The need of constant improvement and certification of its quality according to the requirements of modern technology, as well as monitoring the overall activities related to the ginning and marketing of cotton gave birth to the Hellenic Cotton Association of Ginners and Exporters (HCA) back in the 1975. It is a non-profit association based in Thessaloniki. The purpose of the Association is to preserve, study and promote the common economic, social and professional interests of its members in the context of serving the community as a whole.

In collaboration with the Inter-branch Organization of Greek Cotton, a nonprofit private body, we implement the following actions:

  • We check 1% of Greek cotton, creating national cotton quality file accessible to all buyers.
  • We check the varieties produced in Greece.
  • We control the impurities in seed cotton.
  • We collect and unify all the info’s about Greek cotton on a website (
  • We inform producers to take correct agricultural and commercial decisions about the product.

We are moving towards to create a single Cotton Label, highlighting its quality characteristics and production identity, which will lead to an increase in the value proposition of Greek ginned cotton.


Greek national cotton strategy

By Georgia Kostopoulou, President of Working Cotton Group and on behalf of the  Ministry of Rural Development and Food of Greece

  1. Greece is the main cotton producer country in European Union covering the 80% of the total European cotton production. At the same time it is on the top ten countries producing and exporting cotton worldwide.

Cotton   is  a product of major importance for Greece, as it is cultivated in an area of 250.000 Hectares and the production is 250.000 tn of lint cotton.

  1. The implementation of Common Agriculture Policy and the compliance with the EU Directives and Regulations ensures the application of Good Agriculture practices in cotton cultivation  and the Sustainable cotton production in Greece.

Greek Cotton characteristics are formed by factors  as following :

  • Good agriculture practices( for example Cross compliance obligations,Integrated Pest Management principles)
  • Use of certified and Non GMO Cotton Varieties.
  • Voluntary participation in National Integrated Crop Management (ICM) schemes (for example “Agro 2-standard” for cotton)
  • Experienced-Trained cotton farmers
  • Fully mechanized process that covers all stages from sowing until harvest
  • Experienced ginners
  • Modern ginning mills with technologically updated equipment
  • Early harvest – available from September/October
  • Reliable logistics – prompt deliveries
  1. National Strategy of Cotton in Greece aims to enhance Greek cotton quality  and  certify   Greek Cotton  Identity  , in order to facilitate its access in new and more demanding markets.

In this direction in 2016 , in Ministry of Rural Development and Food of Greece  a Working Group for cotton sector issues   – Cotton Working Group, was set up , which has been operating until today and according to the recent Ministerial Decision will operate from current year to  2019.

In the Cotton Working Group  participate   representatives of:

  • Competent authorities
  • National Research Institute (ELGO DIMITRA)
  • Cotton Farmers
  • Hellenic Cotton Association of Ginners and Exporters
  • Inter-Branch Cotton Organization

The task of Cotton Working Group is:

  • Analysis and examination of all the problems concerning cotton production chain
  • Cotton quality improvement
  • Classification – standardization , cotton processing
  • Technical Support of cotton sector
  • Approval and Operation of Inter –Branch Cotton Organization
  • Submitting proposals to resolve the problems
  1. During the Working Group meetings a fruitful stakeholder dialogue takes place and mutual information exchange helps the decision making about cotton sector issues. The Ministry’s leadership attends Working Group meetings in order to be informed about the problems of the cotton sector   and to contribute to their solution.

Through the work of the Cotton Working Group and the meetings which took place in the years 2016-2018, the following were achieved:

  • Set up and approval of a new Inter-Branch Cotton Organization
  • Cotton framework improvement, taking account stakeholder suggestions.
  • National Center of quality control standardization and cotton classification  was promoted
  • Classification of 1 % of Greek Cotton
  • Quality characteristics research on cotton varieties
  • Introduction of cotton production issues in competent EU Committees.
  • Suggestions to include cotton sector into Rural Development Program 2014-2020 Measures.
  1. Ministry of Rural Development and Food is going to continue to recommend, develop and implement a National Strategy for Greek Cotton sector.

National Cotton Classification Centre

By Dr. M.K. Darawheh, Chief and Scientific Manager at National Cotton Classification Centre

Organisation chart: Hellenic Ministry of Rural Development & Foot-Hellenic Agricultural Organization ‘Demeter’- National Cotton Classification Center is a Department of Institute of industrial & Forage Plant.

National Cotton Classification Center is accredited by ISO 17025 from Hellenic Accreditation System. Laboratory accreditation areas are the measurement of cotton quality parameters by HVI and AFIS instruments methods and the determination the moisture on seed-cotton and lint by tow oven-drying methods, apart from these instruments it allocates other laboratory equipment which is related with cotton quality. 2011 it started to provide service on cotton classification for cotton market.

Uster Testing equipment is in use at National Cotton Classification Centre

Objects of its operating are: improving of cotton quality and classification, submission and implementation research tasks and development projects for improve of cotton quality and crop production and provision training on subjects that related to improvement of quality and cotton classification. National Cotton Classification Center provide also technical support for cotton farmers groups. In collaboration with interprofessional Cotton Organisation, National Cotton Center today carries out many research projects to improve cotton quality, for instance programme of study cotton quality parameters in totally of the country and individually for every region, as well as the program of study quality parameters of cotton varieties that are cultivated in Greece and grouping them in relation with quality parameters. In previous years National Cotton Center carried out another research programs for cotton.

In recent years, important actions have been taken to support Greek cotton, such as the operating of National Cotton Classification Center, establishment of a new Inter-Branch Cotton Organisation, creation and operating of Cotton Workgroup under the supervision of the Ministry of Rural Development & Food. All these efforts have resulted in an association co-operation among members in the cotton sector with aim of improving the cotton competitiveness.