November 14, 2023
EU Materials gen 1 CCCC
In 2022, the EU’s circular material use rate (referred to as the circularity rate; the share of used material resources which came from recycled waste materials) reached 11.5 %, meaning that 11.5 % of material resources used in the EU came from recycled waste materials.
Compared with 2021, the circularity rate increased by 0.1 percentage points (pp). Between 2010 and 2022, the rate increased by 0.8 pp from 10.7 % to 11.5 %, however, the highest shares were observed in 2018 and 2020: 11.6 %.
In 2022, the circularity rate was highest in the Netherlands (27.5 %), followed by Belgium (22.2 %) and France (19.3 %). The lowest rate was recorded in Finland (0.6 %), Romania (1.4 %) and Ireland (1.8 %). Differences in the circularity rate among EU countries are based not only on the amount of recycling in each country but also on structural factors in national economies.
Material use rate EU gen 2 CCCC
In 2022, the highest circularity rate by main type of material was metal ores with 23.9 % (+0.6 pp compared with 2021), followed by non-metallic minerals with 13.7 % (-0.1 pp), biomass 10.0 % (+0.6 pp) and fossil energy materials/carriers with 3.2 % (no change).
For more information:
- Statistics Explained article on circular economy – material flows
- Thematic section on material flows and resource productivity
- Database on material flows and resource productivity
- Statistics for the European Green Deal
- Circular material use rate — calculation method
- EU monitoring framework for the circular economy