Income inequality across the EU

November 3, 2023

In 2022, the median equivalised disposable income in the EU was 18706 purchasing power standards (PPS) per inhabitant, increasing from 18011 PPS recorded in 2021.

At the national level, the EU countries with the highest median disposable incomes in 2022 were Luxembourg (33 214 PPS), the Netherlands (25 437 PPS), Austria (21119 PPS), Belgium (24142 PPS), Denmark (23244 PPS) and Germany (23197 PPS).

In contrast, Bulgaria (9671 PPS), Slovakia (9826 PPS), Romania (10033 PPS), Hungary (10217 PPS), and Greece (10841 PPS) reported the lowest values.

The median equivalised disposable income, expressed in the PPS, accounts for income distribution as well as household size and composition. The unit PPS considers the price-level variations, ensuring comparability across countries.

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