Consumption of fertilisers in the EU down 2 % in 2021


18-46-0 , Diammonium phosphate (DAP) fertilizers in farmer hand .

The consumption of mineral fertilisers (nitrogen and phosphorus) in agricultural production in the EU was 10.9 million tonnes in 2021, equivalent to a year-on-year decrease of 2.2% compared with 2020 and a cumulative decline of 6.4% from the relative peak in 2017.

The consumption of nitrogen-based fertilisers in agriculture was estimated at 9.8 million tonnes in the EU in 2021, a year-on-year decrease of 2.0 %, a rate similar to the short-term trend noted since 2017. However, over the medium term, the overall consumption of nitrogen fertilisers returned to a level similar to that of a decade before.

Consumption of nitrogen-based fertilisers in agriculture in 2021 was highest in countries that are also among the EU’s main agricultural producers. France (2.0 million tonnes), Germany (1.3 million tonnes), Poland (1.0 million tonnes, 2020 data) and Spain (1.0 million tonnes) together represented one-half of total EU consumption.

In 2021, the consumption of phosphorus fertilisers in agriculture was 1.1 million tonnes. This represented a decline of 3.8 % on the level in 2020, albeit to a level that was similar to the average over the previous decade.

The countries with the highest consumption of phosphorus-based fertilisers in agriculture in 2021 were France, Spain, Poland, Romania, Italy and Germany; their consumption was almost three-quarters of the EU’s total use.


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