EU Household consumption: price levels in 2022

In 2022, price levels for household final consumption expenditure differed widely across the EU.

The highest price levels were recorded in Ireland (146 % of the EU average), Denmark (145 %) and Luxembourg (137 %). Meanwhile, the lowest levels were recorded in Romania (58%), Bulgaria (59 %) and Poland (62 %).

This information comes from data on price level indices published by Eurostat. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained article.

Widest price gap for alcohol & tobacco

In 2022, the price level for alcohol & tobacco was around 3.3 times higher in the most expensive country than in the least expensive one. The lowest price levels for alcohol & tobacco were recorded in Bulgaria (66 % of the EU average), Poland (73 %) and Hungary (78 %). Meanwhile, the highest levels were recorded in Ireland (216 %), Finland (174 %) and Denmark (138 %). This large price variation is mainly due to differences in taxation of these products.

Restaurants & hotels ranked second in terms of price level difference, with the lowest price levels registered in Bulgaria (51 % of the EU average), Romania (61 %) and Hungary (62 %) and the highest in Denmark (156 %), Finland (132 %) and Luxembourg (131 %).

Clothing was cheapest in Bulgaria (80 % of the EU average), Hungary (83 %) and Romania (84 %), while it was most expensive in Denmark (134 %), Sweden (117 %) and Czechia (115 %).

Disparities were also recorded for food & non-alcoholic beverages (varying from 72 % of the EU average in Romania to 121 % in Denmark), personal transport equipment (varying from 87 % in Poland to 132 % in Denmark) and consumer electronics (varying from 92 % in Italy to 115 % in France).

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Methodological notes:

  • Data presented in this news article are based on the results of a price survey covering more than 2000 consumer goods and services across Europe. The overall price levels included in this news article relate to the concept of household final consumption expenditure (HFCE). This news article covers selected subcategories of total HFCE.