In 2021, 4.09 million babies were born in the EU. This was a slight increase compared with 2020, when 4.07 million babies were born. Overall, there has been a downward trend in the number of children born in the EU, which began in 2008 (4.68 million children).
The total fertility rate stood at 1.53 live births per woman in the EU in 2021 and in 2019, the number was slightly higher than in 2020 at 1.50.
This information comes from data on fertility published by Eurostat today. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained article.
The fertility rate in 2021 was slightly less than the peak seen in 2016 (1.57) but was an increase compared with 2001 (1.43). The highest total fertility rate since the start of the comparable time series was 1.57 in 2008, 2010 and 2016. In the intervening years, it fluctuated between 1.51 and 1.57.
Fertility rate highest in France
In 2021, France had the highest total fertility in the EU (1.84 live births per woman), followed by Czechia (1.83), Romania (1.81) and Ireland (1.78).
In contrast, the lowest fertility rates were seen in Malta (1.13 births per woman), Spain (1.19) and Italy (1.25).
For more information:
- Statistics Explained article on fertility statistics
- Thematic section to demography, population stock and balance
- Database on demography, population stock and balance
- EU, Belgium, Czechia, Germany, Croatia, Italy, Poland, Portugal and Romania: break in time series in 2010–2012, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2019 and 2021.