Battery-only electric passenger cars in EU: +76 % in 2021

In 2021, the number of battery-only electric passenger cars in the EU countries reached 1.9 million (+76 % compared with 2020: 1.1 million).

The highest rate of increase in battery-only electric passenger cars in the period 2013-2021 was noted between 2019 and 2020 (+83 %), followed by the increase in 2021 compared with 2020. The share of battery-only electric passenger cars in the total number of passenger cars grew from 0.02 % in 2013 to 0.76 % 2021.

This information comes from data on transport equipment published by Eurostat today. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained articles on passenger cars in the EU and transport equipment.

The overall share of battery-only electric passenger cars is expected to grow considerably over the coming years in the run up to the 2035 EU ban on combustion engine cars. The ban is linked to the Sustainable Development Indicator on reducing CO² emissions from new passenger cars.

Overall, the passenger car fleet in almost all of the EU members has grown over the last five years, reaching a total of 253 million passenger cars in 2021 (+17 % compared with 2013).

The highest share of the newest passenger cars (2 years and less) among the EU members was registered in Luxembourg (19 % of all passenger cars in Luxembourg), followed by Sweden (16 %), France, Austria and Belgium (all 15 %). Meanwhile, the oldest passenger cars (20 years or older) were registered in Poland (41 %), Estonia (33 %) and Finland (29 %).

For more information:

Methodological notes: 

  • Bulgaria, Greece and Slovakia: data on passenger cars by age not available.
  • Ireland, Czechia and Italy: the passenger car age category ‘from 10 to 20 years’ also includes the category ‘over 20 years’.