In 2021, household consumption expenditure in the EU increased by 4.2 % compared with 2020, but is still 4.1 % lower than in 2019.
All the EU Member States recorded an increase in household consumption expenditure in 2021, compared with 2020. This represented a partial recovery after the COVID-19 pandemic, when social distancing measures, government restrictions imposed on the movement of people and non-essential economic activities severely affected household consumption expenditure. Still, 16 EU countries have not yet fully recovered.
Malta reported largest decrease from 2019 to 2021
From 2019 to 2021, 16 EU Member States registered a decrease in household expenditure with the largest decrease in Malta (-14.0 %), followed by Spain (-9.7 %), Austria (-8.4 %), Portugal (-6.8 %) and Italy (-6.7 %). The largest increases were recorded in Romania (+4.7 %), Bulgaria (+4.3 %), Lithuania (+3.5 %), Estonia (+3.1 %) and Sweden (+2.8 %).
Croatia’s household expenditure up by more than a fifth
Comparing 2021 with 2020, the largest increases were recorded in Croatia (+21.2 %), followed by Cyprus (+12.9 %), Malta (+11.2 %), Greece (+10.8 %) and Slovenia (+10.2 %). The smallest increases were reported in Germany (+0.1 %), Austria (+0.5 %), Slovakia (+1.3 %), the Netherlands (+3.0 %) and Czechia (+3.5 %).
Visit the visualisation tool below and find out more about the EU and your country’s household expenditure.
For more information:
- Statistics Explained article on household consumption by purpose
- Thematic Statistics Explained section on national accounts
- Thematic section on national accounts
- Database on national accounts
- Visualisation tool on household expenditure